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ganna, noun

Forms:
canna, channaShow more Also canna, channa, ghanna, gona, gouna, kanna.
Origin:
KhoikhoiShow more Etymology obscure: perhaps from Khoikhoi, cf. !khan (see kanna noun3), koŋ (see kanna noun2).
Note:
The variety of spelling forms arises from the pronunciation of the Afrikaans. ‘ganna’ as /ˈkana/, /-nə/ by English-speakers.
1. In full gannabos, gannabossie, gannabush, ganna-shrub, formerly also gannabosch, ganna-bosje [Afrikaans, bos, bossie (earlier bosch, bosje see boschje) bush]: any of several plant species of the genus Salsola (family Chenopodiaceae), especially S. aphylla (also called brak ganna, lye ganna or seepganna, see sense 2 below). Also attributive. See also brakbos.
Note:
The ashes of this plant form a white caustic alkali, formerly used in soap-making. See also soap bush.
1786 G. Forster tr. of A. Sparrman’s Voy. to Cape of G.H. I. 296There is another shrub frequently found in the Carrow, which..is called Canna-bosch.
1989 F.G. Butler Tales from Old Karoo 34As he walked over the first stream the stick took no notice, but as he crossed the second it turned up and gave him such a violent clout right between the eyes that it laid him out cold among the ganna bossies.
2. With distinguishing epithet, designating a particular species of Salsola or Psilocaulon (family Mesembryanthemaceae):
blomkoolganna /ˈblɔmkʊəl-/ [Afrikaans, blomkool cauliflower], S. zeyheri or S. tuberculatiformis;
brak ganna /ˈbrak-/ [Afrikaans, brak salt, salty], S. aphylla;
cattle ganna, S. arborea;
koolganna obsolete [Afrikaans, kool cabbage], S. zeyheri;
lidjes ganna obsolete [Afrikaans litjie, lidjie joint, jointed, from lit joint + dimunitive suffix -ie], P. absimile; see also asbos;
lye ganna, S. aphylla;
rivierganna obsolete [Afrikaans, rivier river, stream], S. glabrescens;
rooi ganna obsolete [Afrikaans, rooi red], S. calluna;
seepganna /ˈsɪəp-/ [Afrikaans, seep soap], S. aphylla;
swartganna /ˈswart-/ [Afrikaans, swart black], S. calluna; also attributive.
1917 R. Marloth Dict. of Common Names of Plants 30Ganna, (sometimes pronounced Kanna). Several species of Salsola. The most frequent kind in brackish soil, especially along rivers, is S. aphylla (the Brak-); S. Calluna is the Rooi-, and S. Zeyheri, the Kool- or Blomkool-, the latter a sweet and highly valued fodder-shrub of the central and north-western districts.
1971 L.G. Green Taste of S.-Easter 162Rawlins had gathered samples of other bitter honeys..seepganna honey from a bush that was once used on the farms for soapmaking, and swartganna honey.
any of several plant species of the genus Salsola (family Chenopodiaceae), especially S. aphylla (also called brak ganna, lye ganna or seepganna, see 2 below). Also attributive.

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17861989