DSAE test file

job reservation, noun phrase

In historical contexts. The setting aside by law of certain (skilled) grades of employment for certain ethnic groups, particularly whites. Also attributive. See also civilized labour policy (civilized labour sense 2). Cf. colour bar.
Note:
The first Acts to promulgate this policy were the Mines and Works Act of 1911, and the Mines and Works Amendment Act of 1926. Other Acts in the 1950s further extended the policy, which was finally removed from the statute books in 1986.
1960 A. Hepple in H. Spottiswoode S. Afr.: Rd Ahead 84We are now complicating these [labour] laws further by writing into them devices such as job reservation to limit the avenues of employment for non-Whites.
1991 E. Van Zyl in Race Rel. News (S.A.I.R.R.) Vol.53 No.1, 22Numerous aspects of the apartheid system..adversely affected the socio-economic development of the country as a whole and the black population in particular. The most important of these were neglect of education and training.., job reservation, [etc.].
The setting aside by law of certain (skilled) grades of employment for certain ethnic groups, particularly whites. Also attributive.

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