group area, noun phrase and & adjectival phrase

Forms:
Also with initial capitals.
Origin:
Afrikaans
historical
A. noun phrase
1. In terms of apartheid legislation: a residential area demarcated by law for occupation by one official ethnic group, to the exclusion of all other groups. Also figurative, and transferred sense. See also gebied noun2.
1950 T.E. Dönges in Hansard 29 May 7433The overriding principle of this Bill is to make provision for the establishment of group areas, that is, separate areas for the different racial groups, by compulsion, if necessary.
1958 D. Marais Europeans Only (1960) (cartoon)The Voortrekkers were a stern, upright, proud and courageous people who set out in search of their own group area.
1960 A.D. Lazarus in H. Spottiswoode S. Afr.: Rd Ahead 92After ten long and tortuous years, the Act has failed miserably to bring about the promised Utopia where the different races would live and develop to their fullest stature in their special Group Areas.
c1970 C. Desmond Discarded People 41The Whites..are regarded as one group, despite their differences of language and culture, and have..86.3% of the Republic. A small portion of this is set aside as ‘Group Areas’ for the approximately two million Asian and Coloured people.
1971 Rand Daily Mail 18 Feb.There were more than 300 Indian businesses in the Diagonal Street complex in Johannesburg when it was proclaimed a White group area last December.
1975 Sunday Times 23 Mar. (Extra) 4Peace has returned to Sir Lowry’s Pass valley..after the announcement that part of the hamlet has been changed back from a White to a Coloured group area.
1978 A.P. Brink Rumours of Rain 17Newspaper reports about Indian shopkeepers removed by the Government to another group area, angry demonstrations and resistance, and forcible eviction.
1983 Sunday Times 8 May 1Having opted for constitutional group areas by creating three chambers instead of one, the Government reduces coloured and Indians to the status of legislative bywoners.
1990 Sunday Times 4 Mar. 1Several Ministers have recently told private-sector lobbies working for the abolition of group areas that they want to hear as wide a range of practical proposals as possible.
1993 Weekly Mail & Guardian 29 Oct. 13Kharsany and others insist that Fietas will not become another group area, only for Indians.
2.
a. in the phrase Group Areas Act [short title of Act 41 of 1950], a law providing for the declaration of separate residential and other areas for each official ethnic group, and prohibiting occupation or ownership by members of any other group. Also attributive. See also group sense 1, pillar(s) of apartheid (pillar), proclaim.
Note:
One of the central laws of the apartheid system, this Act was first promulgated in 1950; consolidated in 1957 and 1966, it was repealed in June 1991.
1952 L. Marquard Peoples & Policies 152In 1950 the Group Areas Act was passed empowering the Government to declare any area a group area for Coloured, European, African, or Asian.
1953 Drum Oct. 43Of all legislative enactments affecting the residential and property rights of the non-Europeans of the Cape, the Group Areas Act is surely the most far-reaching.
1957 Encycl. Brit. XXII. 426The Group Areas act of 1950 was one of a series of acts which sought to implement Smuts’s Natives Land act of 1913, which checked the penetration of natives into European areas and vice versa.
1963 Wilson & Mafeje Langa 47Where would I be now with this mass removal under the Group Areas Act had I remained?
1968 Cole & Flaherty House of Bondage 52The so-called Group Areas Act of 1950, a complicated piece of legislation, many times amended, whose purpose is to assure that each of the country’s racial groups shall live in isolation from the others; that non-white businesses shall not operate in white urban centres; and that the few property rights of Africans in urban areas shall be withdrawn.
1975 Drum 22 Apr. 20The Group Areas Act discriminates on the basis of race in land deals, housing sales or in the treatment of tenants, attendance at schools, hospitals, churches and membership of other social, sporting and cultural organisations.
a1977 K.M.C. Motsisi in M. Mutloatse Casey & Co. (1978) 103Sophiatown is now on its death-bed, groaning its last, from an incurable disease, which has been diagnosed by a Government doctor as Group Areas Act.
1982 E. Prov. Herald 5 Mar. 4Multiracial sport is to be freed from the restrictions of the Group Areas Act..[which] prohibits people of one population group from using sports facilities in the group area of another race.
1985 E. Prov. Herald 26 Feb. 4Whites comprised less than 2 per cent of the 126 176 families moved from their homes in terms of the Group Areas Act between 1966 and the end of August last year.
1987 New Nation 21 May 5The threat of a new Group Areas Act (GAA) clampdown may usher in a new phase of repression.
1988 M. Mapisa in Pace Mar. (Queen) 3The Group Areas Act is an ugly story. Millions of South Africans are forced to live kilometres from their work place and from centres of entertainment.
1990 Sunday Times 3 June 18One down and two to go as we tear down the three remaining props of the apartheid edifice. Left over are the Group Areas Act and the Population Registration Act. The former is also on its way out and merely awaits formal burial.
1990 A. Akhalwaya in Weekly Mail 8 Feb. 14The proposed scrapping of the Population Registration, Land and Group Areas Act signals the end of official apartheid, not of practical apartheid.
1994 Race Rel. Survey 1993–4 (S.A.I.R.R.) 344Despite the repeal in June 1991 of the Group Areas Act of 1966 it would be ‘years’ before significant desegregation of residential areas occurred.
b. Always in pl., and with initial capitals: Group Areas, ellipt. for Group Areas Act, — officials, — legislation, etc.
1958 Ikhwezi Lomso Sept. 7A successful fight against Group Areas meant a fight against the whole of the oppressive laws of the country.
1970 J. Packer Veronica 59He’ll be kept out of the best work by Job Reservation, the Immorality Act will see that he never marries a white girl and the Group Areas won’t allow him to buy a house in a white district.
1972 Drum 22 Mar. 21The Group Areas say he is in ‘illegal occupation’ of his parish house in the township.
1980 Fair Lady 5 Nov. 137We lived in a big house — five rooms. Group Areas moved us here. There were no street lights, nothing.
1990 Daily News 20 Apr. 12Immediate abolition of Group Areas would cause a chaotic tangle in legal and bureaucratic procedures which..have become part of our system.
B. adjectival phrase Of or pertaining to the Group Areas Act.
1950 E. Prov. Herald 26 May 1In the assembly today, the Prime Minister..gave notice that he would introduce a guillotine motion..limiting the discussions on the Group Areas Bill to 52 hours.
1956 M. Rogers Black Sash 6The Group Areas Removal Scheme, despite its advantages of improved housing conditions, yet undermined the independence and pride of many owners of backyard homes.
1968 Drum Sept. 6Indians who obtain Group Areas permits to employ Africans may not allow them to live on the premises.
1977 Sunday Times 14 Aug. 10Mr Ivor Garb..said it would be ‘a tragedy’ if the eight coloured families were moved under the Group Areas proclamation.
1980 Fair Lady 5 Nov. 137By the time all projected Group Areas removals are completed in the Cape Province, 360 000 people — most of them ‘coloureds’ — from about 70 000 families, will have been moved from one area to another.
1985 B. Adkins in E. Prov. Herald 16 Nov. 1Mixed U’hage newlyweds face Group Areas charge.
1987 South 3 July 1Some Rondebosch East tenants, including a mixed couple, claim they have been visited by police investigating Group Areas contraventions.
1990 T. Gqubule in Natal Witness 12 Apr. (Echo) 7If the refugees were being evicted for a Group Areas violation, she should have been warned.
a residential area demarcated by law for occupation by one official ethnic group, to the exclusion of all other groups. Also figurative, and transferred sense.
, a law providing for the declaration of separate residential and other areas for each official ethnic group, and prohibiting occupation or ownership by members of any other group. Also attributive.
Group Areas, ellipt. for Group Areas Act, — officials, — legislation, etc.
Of or pertaining to the Group Areas Act.
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