group area, noun phrase and adjectival phrase

Forms:
Also with initial capitals.
Origin:
Afrikaans
historical
A. noun phrase
1. In terms of apartheid legislation: a residential area demarcated by law for occupation by one official ethnic group, to the exclusion of all other groups. Also figurative, and transferred sense. See also gebied noun2.
1950 T.E. Dönges in Hansard 29 May 7433The overriding principle of this Bill is to make provision for the establishment of group areas, that is, separate areas for the different racial groups, by compulsion, if necessary.
1993 Weekly Mail & Guardian 29 Oct. 13Kharsany and others insist that Fietas will not become another group area, only for Indians.
2.
a. in the phrase Group Areas Act [short title of Act 41 of 1950], a law providing for the declaration of separate residential and other areas for each official ethnic group, and prohibiting occupation or ownership by members of any other group. Also attributive. See also group sense 1, pillar(s) of apartheid (pillar), proclaim.
Note:
One of the central laws of the apartheid system, this Act was first promulgated in 1950; consolidated in 1957 and 1966, it was repealed in June 1991.
1952 L. Marquard Peoples & Policies 152In 1950 the Group Areas Act was passed empowering the Government to declare any area a group area for Coloured, European, African, or Asian.
1994 Race Rel. Survey 1993–4 (S.A.I.R.R.) 344Despite the repeal in June 1991 of the Group Areas Act of 1966 it would be ‘years’ before significant desegregation of residential areas occurred.
b. Always in pl., and with initial capitals: Group Areas, ellipt. for Group Areas Act, — officials, — legislation, etc.
1958 Ikhwezi Lomso Sept. 7A successful fight against Group Areas meant a fight against the whole of the oppressive laws of the country.
1990 Daily News 20 Apr. 12Immediate abolition of Group Areas would cause a chaotic tangle in legal and bureaucratic procedures which..have become part of our system.
B. adjectival phrase Of or pertaining to the Group Areas Act.
1950 E. Prov. Herald 26 May 1In the assembly today, the Prime Minister..gave notice that he would introduce a guillotine motion..limiting the discussions on the Group Areas Bill to 52 hours.
1990 T. Gqubule in Natal Witness 12 Apr. (Echo) 7If the refugees were being evicted for a Group Areas violation, she should have been warned.
a residential area demarcated by law for occupation by one official ethnic group, to the exclusion of all other groups. Also figurative, and transferred sense.
, a law providing for the declaration of separate residential and other areas for each official ethnic group, and prohibiting occupation or ownership by members of any other group. Also attributive.
Group Areas, ellipt. for Group Areas Act, — officials, — legislation, etc.
Of or pertaining to the Group Areas Act.

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