hut tax, noun phrase

Origin:
So named because the tax was originally levied per hut (or group of huts) owned by the head of a family.
historical
A tax instituted during the 19th century and imposed on black people by various southern African governments and authorities.
1851 R. Gray Jrnls of Two Visitations II. 76I propose..that the Government should help forward the work, out of the fund collected through the hut-tax.
1855 J.W. Colenso Ten Weeks in Natal p.xxviiiThis hut-tax was first sanctioned by Earl Grey in 1848.
1881 F.R. Statham Blacks, Boers & Brit. 152All he pays, in recognition of his obligation to the State, is fourteen shillings a year as ‘hut-tax’.
1892 J.E. Ritchie Brighter S. Afr. 186Now, says a local paper, the hut-tax, which is a direct tax, brings in about £72,000 per annum.
1897 F. Macnab On Veldt & Farm 260The first move to check population was made by the levy known as the Hut Tax.
1907 W.C. Scully By Veldt & Kopje 269An attack was projected upon Seccocoeni, chief of the Bapedi, who had refused to pay hut-tax.
1923 G.H. Nicholls Bayete! 185Martha told me that the men were going to be doctored for war, but that they would not fight until the hut tax was being collected.
1936 C. Birkby Thirstland Treks 324Every native in the Territory is liable for hut tax of £1 a year.
1949 O. Walker Proud Zulu (1951) 226Hlubi, the Basuto ‘kinglet’ to the north also instituted a hut tax which he used for his own purposes.
1976 R. Ross Adam Kok’s Griquas 120The Africans under Griqua rule were required to pay a hut tax, variously reported as 5s. or 7s.6d. per hut.
1985 J. Makunga in Staffrider Vol.6 No.2, 35Tribalized in a pass-book. Name and present address? Place and date of birth? Name of chief? Name and address of last/present employer? Wages? Fingerprints? Income tax? Native tax? Hut tax?
1986 P. Maylam Hist. of Afr. People 87From 1849 those who lived in locations had to pay a hut-tax of 7s. a year.
1989 Reader’s Digest Illust. Hist. of S. Afr. 230Only in 1870 did the volksraad (parliament) decide that all Africans must pay a hut tax..2s 6d for those living on a white-owned farm and providing labour for the Boer household; 5 shillings for those not living on the farm but providing labour; and 10 shillings for those not providing labour at all.
A tax instituted during the 19th century and imposed on black people by various southern African governments and authorities.

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18511989