Hurutshe, noun

Forms:
Moharootzie, MorutzeShow more singular Moharootzie, Morutze; singular and plural Harootzi, Harootzie, Harutse, Harutsi, Horutsie, Huruthse, Hurutse, Hurutshe, Hurutsi, Hurutze, Hurutzi, Morootzee; plural Bafurutse, Baharootzi, Baharootzie, Baharutse, Baharutsi, Baharutsie, Baharutzi, Bahurutse, Bahurutshe, Bahurutsi, Bahurutze, Bakhurutse, Marootzees, Marootzes.
Plurals:
usually unchanged, or Bahurutshe.
Origin:
SeTswanaShow more SeTswana name. See also ba- and mo-.
A member of a people descended from the Barolong, now part of the Tswana group and living mainly in the western Transvaal and in Botswana. Also attributive.
1821 B. Shaw in Missionary Notices (1882) Feb. 214One of these visitors having frequently travelled amongst the Manketsens, Boschuanas, and Marootzes,..gave us much more information respecting that country.
1827 G. Thompson Trav. 369They..formed an amicable junction with the Morootzee tribe, whom they had formerly plundered.
1835 A.G. Bain in A. Steedman Wanderings (1835) II. 233Various Bechuana tribes, such as the Baharutsie, Wanketzie, and Barolongs, all of whose countries Masilikatsie has conquered.
[1835 J.C. Chase in A. Steedman Wanderings (1835) II. 180The capital of the Bamorutze tribe of Bechuana.]
[1835 G. Champion Jrnl (1968) 11The station is called Moriah (incorrectly called Baharootze in my letter to Mr. A.).]
1835 A. Smith Diary (1940) II. 37One or two Baharutse visited us after halting; stated that no Matabeli had been seen this side of Molopo since Bain’s wagons were seized.
1835 A. Smith Diary (1940) II. 152The Moharootzie who spoke on the subject of the commando says that at most of the posts there are not more than one or two Matabeli.
1857 D. Livingstone Missionary Trav. 45The other tribes will not begin to eat the early pumpkins of a new crop until they hear that the Bahurutse have ‘bitten it’.
1871 J. Mackenzie Ten Yrs N. of Orange River 142The Bakhurutse at first refused to act as guides.
1905 Native Tribes of Tvl 31The Baharutse in Moilo’s location are a peacable people, fully occupied by the care of their cattle, and the cultivation of their very fertile lands.
1930 S.T. Plaatje Mhudi (1975) 125The allies were joined en route by large numbers of Bakwena, Bakhatla and Bahurutshe who lived in the neighbourhood through which they marched.
1940 P.R. Kirby Diary of Dr Andrew Smith II. 223Hurutshe.
1951 W.S. Matsie in Drum Apr. 12Other tribes began to spring up in the country..thus the Bafurutse, Batuang, Bakoena [etc.] came about.
1960 C. Hooper Brief Authority 128Courtesy is bred into the Bafurutse from their birth. It is seldom violated.
1974 F.J. Language in Std Encycl. of Sn Afr. X. 73In the Western Transvaal there are the following Tswana tribes: the Hurutshe in Marico, the Kgatla and Tlokwa in Rustenburg, [etc.].
1977 T.R.H. Davenport S. Afr.: Mod. Hist. 7One sub-group, the Hurutshe, who without question developed iron-smelting on a considerable scale, moved to the headwaters of the Marico river.
1979 P. Miller Myths & Legends 173The baRolong fell to fighting and quarrelling among themselves..and..the great tribe disintegrated...One of these offshoots, the baHurutshe, moved to the slopes of the Enzlesberg mountain.
1986 P. Maylam Hist. of Afr. People 45Around the end of the fifteenth century Masilo’s lineage divided into two, and from this split arose the Hurutshe and Kwena chiefdoms.
1990 Weekend Post 10 Mar. 13The belief that the Government is cheating them has made many Bafokeng very hostile to Mangope, who is a chief of the Bahurutse people.
1993 S. Gray in Weekly Mail & Guardian 5 Nov. 48The Hurutshe who built cities.
A member of a people descended from the Barolong, now part of the Tswana group and living mainly in the western Transvaal and in Botswana. Also attributive.

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18211993