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harpuis, noun

Forms:
arpuse, haarpisShow more Also arpuse, haarpis, hardpuis, harpuys.
Origin:
Afrikaans, DutchShow more Afrikaans, transferred use of Dutch harpuis a mixture of pitch, resin, etc. used to smear ship’s masts, etc. to protect against moisture and woodworm; but see also quotation 1966 at sense 1.
?obsolescent
1. Usually attributive, frequently in the combinations harpuisbos, harpuisbosch /-bɒs/, /-bɒʃ/ [Dutch bosch, Afrikaans bos bush], harpuisbosje /-bɔʃi/, or harpuisbossie /-bɔsi/ [see boschje] (but also simply harpuis): any of several species of shrub of the genus Euryops (family Asteraceae) characterized by a resinous secretion.
1815 A. Plumptre tr. of H. Lichtenstein’s Trav. in Sn Afr. II. 176A shrub, which grows from two feet to three feet and a half high, called by the colonists harpuisbosjes, the rosin tree.
1966 C.A. Smith Common Names 244Harpuisbos(sie),..The name has an interesting origin, being derived from the Dutch word ‘hars’ (resin) and ‘puisje’ (a small pimple), referring to the resinous secretion extending from the stem and branches in the form of small pimply drops whence also the name Resin-Pimple bush.
2. The resin produced by these plants. Also attributive.
1951 S. van H. Tulleken Prac. Cookery Bk 274Harpuis Soap. 26 lbs. fat, 2½ galls. water, 3½ lbs. caustic soda, 2½ lbs. harpuis. Mix the water and soda, put it on the fire with the fat and harpuis.
1966 C.A. Smith Common Names 243Harpuis, The resin secreted from the stem and branches of practically all species of Euryops and greatly esteemed at one time by Hottentots and colonists for its alleged medicinal properties.
any of several species of shrub of the genus Euryops (family Asteraceae) characterized by a resinous secretion.
The resin produced by these plants. Also attributive.

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18151966