harpuis, noun

arpuse, haarpisShow more Also arpuse, haarpis, hardpuis, harpuys.
Afrikaans, DutchShow more Afrikaans, transferred use of Dutch harpuis a mixture of pitch, resin, etc. used to smear ship’s masts, etc. to protect against moisture and woodworm; but see also quotation 1966 at sense 1.
1. Usually attributive, frequently in the combinations harpuisbos, harpuisbosch /-bɒs/, /-bɒʃ/ [Dutch bosch, Afrikaans bos bush], harpuisbosje /-bɔʃi/, or harpuisbossie /-bɔsi/ [see boschje] (but also simply harpuis): any of several species of shrub of the genus Euryops (family Asteraceae) characterized by a resinous secretion.
1815 A. Plumptre tr. of H. Lichtenstein’s Trav. in Sn Afr. II. 176A shrub, which grows from two feet to three feet and a half high, called by the colonists harpuisbosjes, the rosin tree.
1822 W.J. Burchell Trav. I. 259The inhabitants of this district, when in want of resin, use as a substitute, a gum which exudes from different species of shrubs; which they therefore call Harpuis bosch (Resin bush).
1846 H.H. Methuen Life in Wilderness 112A sea of flame raging on one side of the road, and consuming the resinous arpuse bushes with a roaring noise.
1861 P.B. Borcherds Auto-Biog. Mem. 54Amongst the heaths..I found one named the ‘harpuis’ (rosin) bush, containing a juice of a gluey substance, having the scent of rosin. Of this herb the sheep are particularly fond, and it forms their chief nutriment.
1896 R. Wallace Farming Indust. of Cape Col. 92The harpuis (resin-pimple) plant is a species of Euryops, a showy composite with gay yellow blooms and a foliage not unlike that of a soft, rapidly grown, bushy young pine-tree.
1912 Queenstown Daily Rep. 9 Apr. 7 (Pettman)Many of the Camdeboo Mountain farms..have had a large portion of their veld ruined by the spread of the rhenosterbosch and the rosinbosch (or haarpisbosch).
1917 R. Marloth Dict. of Common Names of Plants 38Harpuisbos (or simply harpuis). Several species of Euryops...Twigs and leaves rich in resin hence inflammable even when green.
a1920 O.E.A. Schreiner From Man to Man (1926) 353There was a pungent curious smell that seemed to burn her nostrils, something like when they burned harpuis (resin) bushes on the lands at home.
1966 C.A. Smith Common Names 244Harpuisbos(sie),..The name has an interesting origin, being derived from the Dutch word ‘hars’ (resin) and ‘puisje’ (a small pimple), referring to the resinous secretion extending from the stem and branches in the form of small pimply drops whence also the name Resin-Pimple bush.
2. The resin produced by these plants. Also attributive.
1951 S. van H. Tulleken Prac. Cookery Bk 274Harpuis Soap. 26 lbs. fat, 2½ galls. water, 3½ lbs. caustic soda, 2½ lbs. harpuis. Mix the water and soda, put it on the fire with the fat and harpuis.
1966 C.A. Smith Common Names 243Harpuis, The resin secreted from the stem and branches of practically all species of Euryops and greatly esteemed at one time by Hottentots and colonists for its alleged medicinal properties.
any of several species of shrub of the genus Euryops (family Asteraceae) characterized by a resinous secretion.
The resin produced by these plants. Also attributive.
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