haakdoring, noun

haakdoorn, haake doornShow more Formerly also haakdoorn, haake doorn, haaken doorn.
Afrikaans, South African DutchShow more Afrikaans (earlier South African Dutch haakdoorn), haak hook + doring thorn.
1. Any of several species of thorn tree of the genus Acacia of the Fabaceae, especially A. mellifera subspecies detinens (see black thorn sense b); hackthorn; hook-thorn; swarthaak; also called wag-’n-bietjie. Also attributive.
1822 W.J. Burchell Trav. I. 320I halted..to gather a beautiful parasitic plant, growing on the branches of a Haakdoorn. I approached the thorny bush with caution.
1827 G. Thompson Trav. 246The country through which we passed was much encumbered with the accursed Haak-doorn or Wagt een beetje, (Acacia detinens,) from which I had formerly suffered so severely.
1880 S.W. Silver & Co.’s Handbk to S. Afr. 162The colonists speak..of the Doornboom,..of the Haaken Doorn, and of the Haak en steek Doorn, having both hooked and straight thorns; and Dr. Kirk is said to have playfully classified the thorns..as those which scratch the skin, those which tear the flesh, those which tear the clothes, and those which tear both clothes and flesh.
1907 T.R. Sim Forests & Forest Flora 15In dry stony situations the scrubby Haakedoorn (Acacia detinens) and the Wild Olive..were the prevailing trees or shrubs.
1917 S.T. Plaatje Native Life 62The flocks were feeding on the luscious buds of the haak-doorns.
1920 F.C. Cornell Glamour of Prospecting 204In one of the ravines where a thick bush known as haak doorn (hook thorn) abounded we found..skeletons, firmly entangled in the thickest part of the bush.
1936 H.F. Trew Botha Treks 19The corporal and a constable and I..proceeded in the direction of the screams, to find our drunken visitor..caught in a haakdoorn bush.
1948 H.C. Bosman in V. Rosenberg Almost Forgotten Stories (1979) 98‘In the morning,..Jan Slabbert and Hendrik Buys would be outside,..creeping through the wag-’n-bietjie thorns’, Jurie Bekker said. ‘The afternoons, of course, they keep free for creeping through the haak-doring thorns.’
1966 C.A. Smith Common Names 240Haakdoring, Acacia mellifera var. detinens...A deciduous tree up to 25 ft high, armed with numerous pairs of recurved thorns.
1993 J. Thomas in House & Leisure Nov. 50The reality can be grim...Mosquito larvae jackknifing through your drinking water. Haakdorings and Puff adders.
2. obsolescent. The grapple-plant, Harpagophytum procumbens.
1864 T. Baines Explor. in S.-W. Afr. 147I noticed a large hooked seed of the creeping plant, sometimes called Haak-doorn, but more properly the Grappler; the Haak-doorn..being furnished..with small but very strong and sharp hooked thorns, arranged in pairs, and tearing the flesh most cruelly whenever it catches.
1913 C. Pettman Africanderisms 203Haakdoorn,..Burchell gives this name to Acacia detinens, the Wacht-en-bitje...It seems now to be more frequently applied, however, to Harpagophyllum procumbens.
1966 C.A. Smith Common Names 240Haakdoring,..Harpagophytum procumbens.
Any of several species of thorn tree of the genus Acacia of the Fabaceae, especially A. mellifera subspecies detinensblack thornb; hackthorn; hook-thorn; swarthaak; also called wag-’n-bietjie. Also attributive.
The grapple-plant, Harpagophytum procumbens.
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