eeland, eilandShow more Also (rarely) eeland, eiland, elland, eyeland, eyland, iland.
unchanged, or elands.
South African Dutch, DutchShow more South African Dutch, transferred use of Dutch eland elk.
a.The antelope Taurotragus oryx of the Bovidae, the largest of the African antelopes, several subspecies of which are found in southern and central Africa; impofu; kannanoun3; pofu. Also attributive.
1786G. Forstertr. ofA. Sparrman’s Voy. to Cape of G.H.II. 204Eland, or Kaapse Eland..is a name given by the colonists to a species of gazel which is somewhat larger and clumsier, though, upon the whole, handsomer than the hartbeest.
1824W.J. BurchellTrav.II. 23By the same misuse of names, the Kanna of the Cape Colony is called Eland, which is the proper name of the Cervus Alces or Elk.
a1827D. Carmichael inW.J. HookerBotanical Misc. (1831) II. 273The larger animals such as the Ox, the Eland, the Buffalo, the Hart-beest, and even the Ostrich.
1837‘N. Polson’Subaltern’s Sick Leave 138The eiland, an animal as large as an ox; and the best eating of any of the genus. When thin, eilands gallop fast; but when fat, the old bulls may be easily ridden up to.
1841B. ShawMemorials 8A number of rhinoceroses, eilands, antelopes, one troop of seven, and another of eight elephants.
1887S.W. Silver & Co.’s Handbk to S. Afr. 170The eland together with the koodoo, gemsbok, and springbok, are antelopes which can exist almost without water, as long as there is any sap in the herbage.
1897H.A. BrydenNature & Sport 217The eland, from its great size and astonishing fatness, is the easiest of all game to be destroyed.
1937H. SauerEx Afr. 51The eland is the only African antelope that carries fat in his internal exonomy, a peculiarity which makes him a valuable prize in the hunting veld, where fat is scarce.
1951A. RobertsMammals 20Elands...The primitive Bushmen were evidently very partial to them, as they figured in their paintings more often than any other animals.
1979Heard & FaullOur Best Trad. Recipes 53Our own big game hunters favour the following for venison: eland, springbok, duiker..and oribi.
1980J. HanksMammals 33Eland, Taurotragus oryx, Very large antelope with a slight hump at the shoulder, a prominent dewlap...Although a very heavy animal, eland can easily clear a 250cm high fence from a standing start.
1990S. Afr. Panorama July–Aug. 19A remaining wilderness island where large numbers of the rare eland and gemsbok still roam undisturbed.
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