doek, noun

/dʊk/, /duk/
Forms:
Also dook, douk.
Origin:
South African Dutch, DutchShow more South African Dutch, from Dutch doek cloth.
1. obsolete. A cloth or handkerchief.
1798 Lady A. Barnard Lett. to Henry Dundas (1973) 145I offered her four schellings or a dook, viz. a handkerchief; she preferred the last.
1899 Natal Agric. Jrnl 31 Mar. 4English colonists..often use such words as ‘lepel,’ spoon;..‘doek,’ cloth; and ‘roer’..for firearms of all descriptions.
1912 W. Westrup Land of To-Morrow 100‘Stringy old fowl. It’s probably one he swopped a dook for.’ ‘A dook?’ ‘A sixpenny handkerchief.’
1913 C. Pettman Africanderisms 147Doek,..A dish-clout.
1947 H. Kuper in Vandag Vol.1 No.8, 2The tears stopped, and from her canvas bag she took a large new yellow doek with which she blew her nose.
2. A headscarf or kerchief, tied about the head in any of several ways; doekie; kopdoek.
1852 H. Ward Jasper Lyle 12To the family party were now added three or four Hottentot servant-girls, their woolly locks concealed beneath bright-coloured douks (head-kerchiefs).
1894 E. Glanville Fair Colonist 89A fat, black cook, with a coloured dook about her head, made a sudden swoop upon the dog with a shrill cry of ‘voetsack’.
1927 D. Fairbridge Lett. from Cape by Lady Duff-Gordon 50They were scandalized at the uncovered head of the pretty, graceful Malay girls, and..they sailed away leaving every woman’s head covered with a ‘dook’ — a brilliant silk handkerchief, preferably orange or magenta, folded with consumate care over a framework which rests on the head.
1941 M.G. Gilbert Informant, Cape Town 2 Dec. 4I washed my hair after breakfast..so I had to put a doek on, & went like that.
1948 O. Walker Kaffirs Are Lively 76Several tall Herero women of fine bearing..distinguished by their bright yellow-and-red silk turbans, or doeks.
1954 P. Abrahams Tell Freedom 59Common to all the women, African and Coloured, was the doek. This was the kerchief they wore over their heads. It was an institution...It was usually white, and always spotlessly clean. It was tied so that it covered all the hair.
1962 M. Brandel-Syrier Black Woman 27It is these women, the full-bosomed, aproned matrons of our townships with their doeks tightly framing their strong-boned faces, who come together every Thursday in their Manyanos.
1971 Post 24 Oct. 33 (advt)Plain doeks R2.40 a doz. Plain Nylon doeks Extra large R2.70 a doz. And printed Rayon doeks R3.25 a doz.
1973 P.A. Whitney Blue Fire 53The cook, a small, brown-skinned woman with a doek about her head — the white kerchief draped in the special manner of South Africa — came in to ask about lunch.
1985 M. Tlali in Fair Lady 26 June 105Those who had spare doeks passed them over to her to make slings to support broken or swollen arms.
1990 J. Naidoo Coolie Location 91A hardy African woman, with her doek-covered head, looking dashed and defiant.
1992 S. Gutknecht in Sunday Times 19 Apr. (Mag. Sect.) 28That scarf-thing women wear over the heads, the doek.
3. combinations
doek-pudding, ||doek-poeding /-ˌpudəŋ/ [Afrikaans, poeding pudding], a steamed pudding, boiled in a cloth.
1964 L.G. Green Old Men Say 133They carry the old Cape cuisine in their heads, from frikkadel and sosaties to geelrys and doekpudding.
[1969 Sunday Times 23 Nov. (Advt Suppl.)Outydse Doekpoeding (Steamed Pudding)...Pour mixture onto greased muslin cloth...Tie ends tightly with string leaving about 3" space to rise.]
1978 M. Van Biljon Sunday Times 24 Dec. in J. Branford Dict. of S. Afr. Eng. (1980) 67Our cook Ai Nettie Pekeur’s stupendous ‘doekpoeding’ made with grated carrots.
A cloth or handkerchief.
A headscarf or kerchief, tied about the head in any of several ways; doekie; kopdoek.
, a steamed pudding, boiled in a cloth.
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17981992