candelabra, noun

Origin:
EnglishShow more Special senses of English; named for the shape of the plant or inflorescence.
As a qualifier, usually in the noun phrases:
1. candelabra flower: any of several species of bulbous plant of the genus Brunsvigia of the Amaryllidaceae, especially B. orientalis, bearing a large number of pinkish-red flowers on an umbel; also called sore-eye flower (sense a). See also chandelier sense 1.
1868 W.H. Harvey Genera of S. Afr. Plants 382Brunsvigia, Plants with large bulbs, popularly ‘Candelabra Flowers.’
1910 E. London Dispatch 27 May 5 (Pettman)Brunsvigia or candelabra flower — pinkish red, on long pedicels, and not too many of them.
c1911 S. Playne Cape Col. 47The lilies of the genus Brunsvigia are called by Cape colonists ‘Candelabra flowers’, because their columns or stems, which are crowned with numerous stalked flowers, all curve upwards and present their cups to the sky bearing much resemblance to a branched candlestick.
1964 G. Campbell Old Dusty 48I shall soon find myself going out to commune with the candelabras and leonotis.
1988 M. Branch Explore Cape Flora 32The large dry head of the candelabra flower rolls over the veld like a ball, dropping seeds as it goes.
2. candelabra euphorbia, candelabra tree: any of several cactus-like trees of the genus Euphorbia of the Euphorbiaceae, especially E. ingens. See also chandelier sense 3.
[1834 T. Pringle Afr. Sketches 209The lofty candelabra-shaped euphorbias towering above the copses of evergreens.]
1936 C. Birkby Thirstland Treks 317The Bushmen of the Namaqualand borders use a mixture of snake poisons, spiders and the sticky juice of the candelabra euphorbia, the big cactus that you see everywhere in Thirstland.
1966 C.A. Smith Common Names 185Candelabra tree, Euphorbia ingens (Lowveld)...A succulent arborescent with spiny, deeply 4-angled branches and masses of small yellow ‘flowers’.
1973 Beeton & Dorner in Eng. Usage in Sn Afr. Vol.4 No.1, 10Candelabra tree,..(Euphorbia ingens)..Succulent tree with single trunk & dense branches; round candelabra shaped crown.
1985 S. Afr. Panorama Feb. 33There is a cactus-like candelabra tree shaded by a flat-topped wild syringa.
1994 House & Leisure June 101The massively branched candelabra tree, Euphorbia ingens, is 10 metres high.
3. candelabra aloe: the plant Aloe candelabrum of the Liliaceae; chandelier sense 2.
1966 Lantern Sept. 23She has used the natural object as a motif...For the next, we suggested a candelabra aloe.
1966 C.A. Smith Common Names 185Candelabra aloe, Aloe candelabrum: Trunk tall. Leaves in a terminal crown, spiny on the margins; inflorescence candelabra-like.
1986 P. Pieterse Day of Giants 72You must crush the leaves of the candelabra aloe and put the sap in the wound.
any of several species of bulbous plant of the genus Brunsvigia of the Amaryllidaceae, especially B. orientalis, bearing a large number of pinkish-red flowers on an umbel; also called sore-eye flower (sense a).
any of several cactus-like trees of the genus Euphorbia of the Euphorbiaceae, especially E. ingens.
the plant Aloe candelabrum of the Liliaceae; chandelier2.
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18341994