brandsiekte, noun

Forms:
brandt-sickte, brandt-siekteShow more Formerly also brandt-sickte, brandt-siekte, brandziekte, brunt sickta.
Origin:
Afrikaans, South African DutchShow more Afrikaans (earlier South African Dutch brandziekte), brand burn, fire + siekte disease.
Pathology
Scab or mange, a highly contagious notifiable skin disease of livestock, especially sheep, caused by a mite; brandsick noun Also attributive. See also khaki brandziekte (khaki adjective sense 1 b).
[1790 W. Paterson Narr. of Four Journeys 48At this season many die of a disease, which they term, the Burning Sickness, in which they lose most of their hair.]
1795 C.R. Hopson tr. of C.P. Thunberg’s Trav. I. 168We were told that infectious distempers frequently prevailed among the cattle here, and that the brandziekte was not uncommon.
1806 J. Barrow Trav. I. 218They are subject also to a cutaneous disease that works great havoc among the bovine tribe. It is called by the farmers the brandt siekte, or burning disease.
1835 A. Steedman Wanderings I. 139I took out my rifle and shot it (sc. the gnu), when it proved to be greatly diseased with what the Colonists call the Brandt-sickte.
1847 Ordinance 16 in Stat. Law of Cape of G.H. (1862) 832No sheep affected merely with the disease commonly called brandziekte or goat with the disease called the scurvy shall be destroyed unless with the owner’s consent.
1866 J. Leyland Adventures 86A disease, called by the Boers ‘brunt sickta,’ or burnt sickness,..sometimes breaks out and makes sad havoc amongst them.
1877 Alice Times 9 Feb.1 Red Ox, very low condition, brandziekte along the back and shoulders.
1896 R. Wallace Farming Indust. of Cape Col. 367Scab or Brandziekte in sheep..[is] the result of an abnormal and unhealthy condition of the skin due to irritation created by myriads of microscopic mite-like insects or acari.
1910 A.B. Lamont Rural Reader 118The worst enemy of the South African sheep farmer is scab or ‘brandziekte,’ which, as we have learned, is spread by a mite.
1955 L.G. Green Karoo 146The farmers did not take kindly to woolled sheep. They argued that such sheep were more liable to scab; and indeed there are many references to ‘brandziekte’ in early documents.
1977 Fugard & Devenish Guest 29This brandsiekte is beginning to get out of hand, you know. Castor oil for cows..that’s what I know about.
1980 P. Schirmer Concise Illust. S. Afr. Encycl. 19Scab (brandsiekte), a mite-induced, mange-like disease which infects sheep.
Scab or mange, a highly contagious notifiable skin disease of livestock, especially sheep, caused by a mite; brandsicknoun Also attributive.
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