1871J. MackenzieTen Yrs N. of Orange River 375The rite of circumcision is administered throughout Bechuana-land to boys between perhaps eight and fourteen years of age...No honourable marriage could take place with a man who had not gone through the ‘boguera’ or initial ceremony.
1905W.H. Tooke inFlint & GilchristScience in S. Afr. 91Like most Bantu the be-Chuana practise circumcision (boguera) which is performed at the age of puberty.
1951H. DaviesGreat S. Afr. Christians 105An open break with the tribe took place in 1865 when the ceremony of boguera or circumcision was to be held.
1974A.J. DachsPapers of John Mackenzie 5Among the ritual observances of the Tswana which attracted the immediate attention of missionaries were the initiation ceremonies of bogwera and bojale, whereby the youths and maidens of the chiefdom were elevated in rank to adults.
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