baviaan, noun

babiaan, bavianShow more Also babiaan, bavian, bawian, bovian.
DutchShow more Dutch, baboon; see bobbejaan.
a. The chacma, Papio ursinus.
1731 G. Medley tr. of P. Kolben’s Present State of Cape of G.H. I. 202In the Choice of Roots and Fruits for Food they follow..the Bavian, a Sort of Ape; and will not taste of any Sort which those creatures do not feed upon.
1973 S. Cloete Co. with Heart of Gold 156I told you the baviaans would take your mealies.
b. figurative. derogatory. An idiot, a fool. See also bobbejaan sense 1 b.
1838 J.E. Alexander Exped. into Int. I. 73Now we cannot lift a hand to a Hottentot baviaan (ape) without having to go before the magistrate for it.
1896 H.A. Bryden Tales of S. Afr. 225Sooner than think myself akin to such a race as that little dressed-up baviaan (baboon) my husband has been telling you of, I would disown my own blood.
2. As a qualifier, especially in plant names, often signifying species unsuitable for human consumption, or associated with baboons: see quotations. See also bobbejaan sense 2.
1917 R. Marloth Dict. of Common Names of Plants 9Baviaansappel, A gall on Asparagus strictus...Baviaanskers, = Bergcypres. Baviaansklauw, = Luisjes. Baviaanskost, Hydnora africana...Baviaansoor, Eriospermum latifolium...Baviaansstaart, Barbacenia retinervis...Baviaansuintje, v. Uintje and Monkey-bulb.
1985 [see painted lady].
3. rare. bobbejaantjie.
1795 [see bobbejaantjie].
1986 J. & I. Rudner tr. of Carl Peter Thunberg 1772–5 158The Gladiolus plicatus appears to be the most favourite plant with those that live near the Cape, for which reason also this plant is known by the name of the baviaan.
The chacma, Papio ursinus.
An idiot, a fool.
see quotations.

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