baviaan, noun

babiaan, bavianShow more Also babiaan, bavian, bawian, bovian.
DutchShow more Dutch, baboon; see bobbejaan.
a. The chacma, Papio ursinus.
1731 G. Medley tr. of P. Kolben’s Present State of Cape of G.H. I. 202In the Choice of Roots and Fruits for Food they follow..the Bavian, a Sort of Ape; and will not taste of any Sort which those creatures do not feed upon.
1790 tr. of F. Le Vaillant’s Trav. I. 138An ape, of that kind so common at the Cape, under the name of bawians.
1822 W.J. Burchell Trav. I. 45A large kind of monkey, with a long greenish-brown fur, (Cercopithecus ursinus), called Baviaan by the colonists, inhabits this mountain.
1886 G.A. Farini Through Kalahari Desert 102Here some bovians (large monkeys..) attacked me, coming quite close and showing their great teeth.
1918 S.H. Skaife Animal Life in S. Afr. 271The baboon, or baviaan, is too common and too well known to need description. Troops of them live in caves in steep rocky krantzes.
1973 S. Cloete Co. with Heart of Gold 156I told you the baviaans would take your mealies.
b. figurative. derogatory. An idiot, a fool. See also bobbejaan sense 1 b.
1838 J.E. Alexander Exped. into Int. I. 73Now we cannot lift a hand to a Hottentot baviaan (ape) without having to go before the magistrate for it.
1896 H.A. Bryden Tales of S. Afr. 225Sooner than think myself akin to such a race as that little dressed-up baviaan (baboon) my husband has been telling you of, I would disown my own blood.
2. As a qualifier, especially in plant names, often signifying species unsuitable for human consumption, or associated with baboons: see quotations. See also bobbejaan sense 2.
1917 R. Marloth Dict. of Common Names of Plants 9Baviaansappel, A gall on Asparagus strictus...Baviaanskers, = Bergcypres. Baviaansklauw, = Luisjes. Baviaanskost, Hydnora africana...Baviaansoor, Eriospermum latifolium...Baviaansstaart, Barbacenia retinervis...Baviaansuintje, v. Uintje and Monkey-bulb.
1966 C.A. Smith Common Names 77Baviaanskers, Euclea polyandra...One of the earliest of S. Afr. plant names beyond the confines of the late 17th century Colony.
1985 [see painted lady].
3. rare. bobbejaantjie.
1795 [see bobbejaantjie].
1986 J. & I. Rudner tr. of Carl Peter Thunberg 1772–5 158The Gladiolus plicatus appears to be the most favourite plant with those that live near the Cape, for which reason also this plant is known by the name of the baviaan.
The chacma, Papio ursinus.
An idiot, a fool.
see quotations.
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