Nama, adjective and noun

Origin:
See Namaqua.
A. adjective
1. Of or pertaining to the Nama (see sense B 1); Namaqua adjective.
1862 W.H.I. Bleek Comparative GrammarThe Nama language..is represented by a large amount of missionary literature.
1864 W.H.I. Bleek tr. of Reynard the Fox p.xxixTo make our available stock of Nama Hottentot literature quite complete.
1881 T. Hahn Tsuni-‖Goam 3In the Nama language, one of the Khoikhoi idioms, the Bushmen are called Sā-n (com. plur.).
1928 H. Vedder in Native Tribes of S.W. Afr. 140If one cannot think in the Nama language, one will never be able to learn to speak it.
1966 J.H. Greenberg Lang. Afr. 68Nama Hottentot indicates the past by an element go (in the usual orthography).
1978 Drum Aug. 58I am a Nama-guy of Namibia, 21 years old and would like to correspond with ladies and gentlemen between the ages of 18 to 28.
2. Geology. Designating or pertaining to a Precambrian-Cambrian sedimentary rock formation found in the south-western part of Southern Africa. In the special collocations Nama Group, Nama System: this geological formation.
1965 Hamilton & Cooke Geology for S. Afr. Students 199In the South African region no clearly identifiable fossil-bearing deposits of Cambrian age are known but the Nama System of South-West Africa extends southwards into the Cape and is almost certainly Cambrian. For this reason, the term ‘pre-Nama’ can be used as a rough parallel to Precambrian.
1965 Hamilton & Cooke Geology for S. Afr. Students 327The western geosyncline became active again in Nama times and in a shallow sea there were deposited coarse and fine sediments of various types.
1972 J.H. Wellington in Std Encycl. of Sn Afr. V. 163The radiometric age-dating of the granites intrusive into the Malmesbury beds to the north-east of Cape Town has shown this formation to belong to an orogeny of 550–610m year range and to be of Nama origin. With the Nama system Southern African geology passes from the Precambrian to the Cambrian.
1980 L.E. Kent Stratigraphy of S. Afr. (Dept of Mineral & Energy Affairs) I. 495Schenck (1885..) introduced the terms ‘Namaqua-Schiefer, -Sandstein und -Kalkstein’ for the horizontally disposed strata of the Huib and Han-ami Plateaux of the central and southern parts of the former Deutsch-Südwest-Afrika. In a subsequent paper (1893) he shortened ‘Namaqua’ to Nama...Wagner (1916..) considered that the Nama System was..the equivalent of the Transvaal System.
1980 L.E. Kent Stratigraphy of S. Afr. (Dept of Mineral & Energy Affairs) I. 498The first macrofossils from the Nama Group were discovered..in 1908 and 1914.
B. noun , plural unchanged, Namas, or Naman.
1. A member of one of the four main Khoikhoi peoples of western South Africa and Namibia; Namaqua noun sense 1. See also Bondelswart, Chinese Hottentot, Khoikhoi sense 1.
1881 T. Hahn Tsuni-‖Goam 89I afterwards made him a present of ammunition, and, as anxious as a Nama is to possess that most precious material, he said: ‘No’.
1928 H. Vedder in Native Tribes of S.W. Afr. 119In about the year 1830, strenuous fighting was going on between the Nama and the Herero.
1928 H. Vedder in Native Tribes of S.W. Afr. 127The Nama has always considered himself to be a master and he has always deemed labour beneath his dignity.
1930 C.G. Seligman Races of Afr. (1939) 34The customary division of the Hottentots into four main groups — Naman, Korana, Gonaqua, and Old Cape Hottentots.
1961 O. Levinson Ageless Land 25He sent a member of his group, Pieter Brand, with seven Namas, mounted on oxen, to travel further north.
1970 M. Wilson 1000 Yrs before Van Riebeeck 7In 1661 Nama (a section of the Khoikhoi) living near the mouth of the Orange River, told the Dutch settlers at the Cape of a people, the Brijckje, living north of the Orange.
1975 J.P. van S. Bruwer in Std Encycl. of Sn Afr. V. 607The Nama (also called Naman or Namaqua) consisted of two groups: the Little Nama, living in the North-Western Cape south of the Orange River, and the Great Nama, living in South-West Africa. The latter formed a number of tribes, six of which formed an alliance.
1975 J.P. van S. Bruwer in Std Encycl. of Sn Afr. VIII. 28‘Namaqua’ is the plural form of Nama, the name of the large Hottentot tribe who lived here when the first whites came to South Africa...The Namas have always lived in the southern half of South West Africa...They have always been pastoralists and do not practise agriculture.
1982 Voice 18 July 9The Hereros and the Namas were almost exclusively pastoral peoples: they farmed mainly with sheep, goats, cattle and horses.
1988 A. Hall-Martin et al. Kaokoveld 56At Sesfontein and Warmguelle..a community of Nama, or Hottentots of the Topnaar and Swartbooi tribes, are found.
1991 Bulletin (Centre for Science Dev.) Mar. 3The impact of mission work on the Nama and Oorlams was fundamental because it stimulated new needs outside the traditional redistributive system.
2. The language of this people.
1883 R.N. Cust Mod. Langs of Afr. II. 439The Directors of the Rhenish Society..wrote in 1882 to the British amd Foreign Bible Society to arrest any further printing of Books of the Old Testament in Nama, as that language was being superseded by Dutch.
1908 T.G. Tucker Introd. Nat. Hist. Lang. 148Hottentot dialects: viz. Nama (of the Namaqua) to the north-west, [etc.].
1930 I. Schapera KhoiSan Peoples 429In the Southern Group and in Nama there are two forms for the pronoun in the first person plural, one including the person addressed with the speaker, the other excluding him.
1966 J.H. Greenberg Lang. Afr. 68In Nama there is no phonemic distinction between k and g.
c1980 S. Afr. 1979: Off. Yrbk (Info. Service of S. Afr.) 111It is the form of these languages, especially Nama, that is our prototype of what a Khoe or Hottentot language should be.
1983 S. Afr. 1983: Off. Yrbk (Dept of Foreign Affairs & Info.) 107The Khoe languages constitute a language family...The major literary language is Nama.
Of or pertaining to the Nama (see B 1); Namaquaadjective.
Designating or pertaining to a Precambrian-Cambrian sedimentary rock formation found in the south-western part of Southern Africa. In the special collocations Nama Group, Nama System: this geological formation.
A member of one of the four main Khoikhoi peoples of western South Africa and Namibia; Namaquanoun1.
The language of this people.

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18621991