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Namaqua, noun and adjective

Forms:
Namaaqua, NamacquaShow more Also Namaaqua, Namacqua, Namacque, Namagwa, Namaquoi, Namiquoi, Nimiqua.
Plurals:
Namaquas, or unchanged.
Origin:
Nama, KhoikhoiShow more Nama (Khoikhoi) Nama, probably from nami, nams tongue (referring to the characteristic clicks in the Nama language) + masculine plural suffix -qua men, people. (The preferred modern form is Nama.)
A. noun
1. Nama noun sense 1.
Note:
The Namaqua were described by the early settlers as consisting of two peoples, the ‘Greater Namaqua’ and the ‘Lesser (or Little) Namaqua’: see quotation 1930 (which includes a list of the principal Namaqua clans).
1688 G. Tachard Voy. to Siam 74The Namaquas..are all tall of Stature and strong, have good natural sense...They seldom laugh, and speak very little.
1977 R. Elphick Kraal & Castle 135To modern scholars the Namaqua are the most familiar of all Khoikhoi peoples; however, in the seventeenth century they were only on the fringes of the Dutch consciousness.
2. combinations In the names of animals:
Namaqua Afrikander, a hardy variety of Afrikander sheep (see Afrikander noun sense 7), found in the relatively dry parts of the Cape;
Namaqua dove [probably a translation of South African Dutch Namaquasduyf], the dove Oena capensis of the Columbidae;
Namaqua grouse obsolete, Namaqua partridge obsolete [probably a translation of South African Dutch Namaqua patrijs, see quotations 1867 and 1897], Namaqua sandgrouse (see below);
Namaqua pheasant, the Natal francolin (see Natal sense c), Francolinus natalensis;
Namaqua sandgrouse, any of four species of African sand-grouse of the Pteroclidae, especially Pterocles namaqua (see also kelkiewyn sense a).
1957 Handbk for Farmers (Dept of Agric.) III. 221The Namaqua Africander. Both the Ronderib and Namaqua were developed from the same parent stock and the difference must, therefore, be ascribed to the difference in climatic and feeding conditions in the areas where these breeds originated.
1991 Best of S. Afr. Short Stories (Reader’s Digest Assoc.) 10The birds for which the hunter ‘stood waiting in the rushes’ could well have been Namaqua sandgrouse (Pterocles namaqua), which were called ‘partridges’ in the early days.
B. adjective obs. Nama adjective sense 1. Always attributive.
1838 J.E. Alexander Exped. into Int. II. 72Our captives belonged to a large tribe of red men, speaking the Namaqua language.
1889 F. Galton Trav. in S. Afr. 41The agents in this history are Namaqua ‘Oerlams,’ or Namaquas born in or near the colony, often having Dutch blood and a good deal of Dutch character in their veins. The Namaqua Hottentots look at these Oerlams with great jealousy.
Namanoun1.
Namaadjective1. Always attributive.

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16881994