Afrikander, noun and & adjective

Forms:
α. Africanda, AfricanderShow more Africanda, Africander, Afrikaander, Afrikander;
β. Afrikaaner, Afrikaner.
Origin:
See Afrikaner.
A. noun
1. Obsolete variant of Afrikaner noun sense 2 a.
2. Obsolete except in historical contexts coloured noun sense a. Also attributive.
α.
1823 W.W. Bird State of Cape of G.H. 73Slaves at the Cape may be divided into three classes: the Negro, the Malay, and the Africander...The last and most valuable class of slaves is the African-born slave, — the produce of an European, or of a Cape Dutchman, and of a slave girl.
1823 W.W. Bird State of Cape of G.H. 74The Africander slave girl would consider herself disgraced by a connection with the Negro.
1847 A Bengali Notes on Cape of G.H. 71The ‘Africanders’, or Half-castes, make good servants, but the men are all more or less pilfering thieves.
1861 Lady Duff-Gordon Lett. from Cape (1925) 24My landlady is Dutch; the waiter is an Afrikander, half Dutch, half Malay, very handsome, and exactly like a French gentleman, and as civil.
1900 A.H. Keane Boer States: Land & People 86The term ‘Afrikander,’ which is now extended to all ‘country-born’ whites, was originally coined to designate this very class of Boers, who were known or supposed to be touched with this (yellow) tar-brush.
1917 S.T. Plaatje Native Life 279The Natives and the Cape coloured Afrikanders were not alone in tendering loyal offers of service to the Government.
β.
1968 E.A. Walker Hist. of Sn Afr. 84Half-castes or Afrikaners, a growing class, who were household slaves and often the confidantes of their masters and mistresses.
1986 M. Picardie in S. Gray Market Plays 93Imagine that this is the voice of the coloured people who were once themselves called Afrikaners.
3. One born in South Africa of European descent; a white inhabitant of South Africa. Also attributive.
α.
1834 Cape of G.H. Lit. Gaz. July 103The number of matches that have taken place between the fair Africanders (the general term for natives of European descent..) and ‘Indians,’ proves that their attractions are appreciated.
1851 H. Rabone in A. Rabone Rec. of Pioneer Family (1966) 103You should see how I astonish some of the Dutch folks, and even the English Afrikanders too.
1866 J. Leyland Adventures 9The Africandas are the descendants of English and other settlers.
1870 C. Hamilton Life & Sport in S.-E. Afr. 229Europeans born in this colony are called Africanders.
1880 Volkstem 9 Jan. 1It is..an insult which every citizen, be he Africander or European, Boer or Englishman, should resent in unmistakable terms.
1882 J. Nixon Among Boers 311The selfish policy of the English Africanders; the internal squabbles of the white settlers, and their lack of energy.
1895 Star 31 Dec. 1Afrikanders! A meeting of all men born in South Africa of European descent will be held at Standard Restaurant.
1897 F.R. Statham S. Afr. as It Is 139In the adoption of the expression ‘Afrikander’ a somewhat bold departure was made...The word..has come to signify, all those Europeans, no matter what their original nationality or birthplace, who regard South Africa as their home.
1900 H.C. Hillegas Oom Paul’s People 1The Afrikander class comprises those persons who were born in the country but of European descent, while the Uitlanders are the foreigners who are, for the most part, only temporary residents.
1903 J.C. Everett Easy Anglo-Afrikander Taal Guide 8The patois which is in general use, and which the Anglo-Afrikander must acquire to be understood.
1904 Argus Christmas Annual (Cape Colony Sect.) 38The physique of the native-born Afrikander — by that no distinction is made, and Dutch, Scotch, English, Irish, etc., are included — is admirably suitable for the rugged athleticism of the football arena.
1912 The Jrnl 31 Oct. 4If a Dutch Afrikander spoke so, it would be decried as treacherous, but it comes safely from an English born Afrikander.
1940 F.B. Young City of Gold 385The Walker joke came, at last, to the quick ears of a shrewd, scrubby man named Joe Robinson, a bankrupt Afrikander shop-keeper from the Cape.
β.
1940 W. Adendorff in Forum 7 Sept. 3The dictionary describes Afrikaner as being a white South African.
1943 I. Frack S. Afr. Doctor 115It is not pleasant for the English-speaking Afrikaner to be reminded, day after day, that he is unwanted and that his future is very uncertain.
1948 A. Paton Cry, Beloved Country 265Afrikaner, The name now used for the descendants of the Boers. Some large-minded Afrikaners claim that it has a wider connotation, and means white South Africans, but many Afrikaans-speaking and English-speaking South Africans would object to this extension of meaning.
1950 J.B.M. Hertzog in H. Gibbs Twilight in S. Afr. 210His membership of this anti-English movement of necessity compelled him to depart from the policy of national unity, which included the English-speaking Afrikaner.
1966 T.R.H. Davenport Afrikaner Bond 326The word Afrikaner and its variants could be used more naturally in the late nineteenth century to describe any white South African than is the case in the mid-twentieth.
4. (One of) an indigenous breed of cattle, red in colour and with large spreading horns; Cape ox, see Cape sense 2 a. Also attributive. See also Bonsmara.
α.
1837 N. Polson Subaltern’s Sick Leave 152Cattle, both Afrikaander and vader-land or crossed, thrive generally over the whole Colony, and would be productive stock if properly managed.
1852 Durban Observer 9 Jan. (Pettman)The Africander is a very tall, ponderous, large-horned breed of cattle.
c1911 C.A. Pope in S. Playne Cape Col. 424To those accustomed to the improved breeds the Afrikander appears full of faults, being narrow, uneven, and flat-sided, with a decided lack of fleshy covering to fill up the angularities.
1921 E. Prov. Herald 9 Mar. 11Afrikanders..exhibited excellent show condition and form.
1937 H. Sauer Ex Afr. 195Of the genus trek ox, the red Afrikander is a long way ahead of all other breeds...He is a fine upstanding bullock, with long, wide, spreading horns, and stands higher than any European ox.
1950 H. Gibbs Twilight in S. Afr. 154Afrikander cattle have yet to gain the quality of cattle in Northern countries.
1967 E.M. Slatter My Leaves Are Green 14The oxen were not easy to acquire, but in the end we got together a team of twenty powerful red Afrikander beasts with humped backs and spreading horns.
1971 S. Afr. Panorama July 5Africander cattle, the only breed indigenous to South Africa, have always been the foundation of the country’s beef industry.
1977 Family Radio & TV 11 May 32Africanders, Bos indicus, originated in Central Asia and crossed to this continent as long as 2000 years ago with various nomadic tribes.
1982 M. Mzamane Children of Soweto 183His neck was as thick as an Afrikander bull’s, with jugular veins jutting out.
1990 R. Stengel January Sun 13Sailors who landed at the Cape six years before Columbus discovered America reported seeing such cattle with Khoisan tribesmen. The Africander has a large, floppy dewlap and a coffin-shaped head..its distinctive horns..twist downward, giving them the appearance somehow of being upside down.
1990 Weekend Post 6 Oct. (Leisure) 7A local variant of the breed known in this country as Nguni or Africander.
β.
a1951 H.C. Bosman in L. Abrahams Unto Dust (1963) 137He’ll say that his Afrikaner cattle are in a bad way with the heart-water.
1988 R. Billet in Farmer’s Weekly 1 Jan. 7They initially bought four registered Brahman bulls which they used on Afrikaner, Hereford, and Simmentaler crosses.
1990 Sunday Times 1 July 22The Afrikaner ox is the most recognisable beast of burden here.
5. Variant of Afrikaner noun sense 1.
6. obsolete. Afrikaans noun. Also attributive.
α.
[1882 C.L. Norris-Newman With Boers in Tvl 2Before..the close of the last century the different languages and dialects had become less used and spoken, and a kind of Dutch patois, now termed Afrikander Dutch, was and is now in the O. F. State and Transvaal,..spoken by the inhabitants.]
1886 G.A. Farini Through Kalahari Desert 434A little nigger..said in Afrikander, ‘That is Mr. Scott’s..house’.
1887 A. Wilmot Poetry of S. Afr. 229I spoke to her in broken Dutch Or damaged English with a touch of ‘Afrikander’ in it.
1901 G.M.G. Hunt (title)A Handy Vocabulary, English-Afrikander, Afrikander-English.
1910 J.H.H. De Waal (title)Africander Grammar.
1910 J.H.H. De Waal Africander Grammar 1The Africander alphabet consists of 22 letters.
1910 J.H.H. De Waal Africander Grammar 6The tendency of most writers who have made use of the Africander language has been to spell phonetically.
1910 J.H.H. De Waal Africander Grammar 7Differences in spelling between Dutch and Africander.
1931 [see Jim Fish].
7. Either of two indigenous breeds of sheep, originally derived from the same breed but subsequently adapted to different feeding conditions: the Namaqua Afrikander (see Namaqua noun sense 2), and the Ronderib. Also attributive.
α.
1887 A.A. Anderson 25 Yrs in Waggon I. 271When outspanned, it was taken down to the water..to obtain milk and purchase the large Africander sheep.
1897 F. Macnab On Veldt & Farm 55The Count laid great stress on the importance of feeding the veldt in rotation; first with goats..then with Afrikander sheep..then with Kaffir cattle; lastly with Afrikander or Friesland.
1911 D.B. Hook ’Tis but Yesterday 158Jan kept the woolled sheep on his property, while Charles had the Africander sheep, and they were not allowed to mix.
1925 H.J. Mandelbrote tr. of O.F. Mentzel’s Descr. of Cape of G.H. II. 56The average dead weight of the Afrikander sheep is about 65 lbs.
1936 Cambridge Hist. of Brit. Empire VIII. 17Native cattle and sheep, obtained by barter from the Hottentots, formed the basis for the stock of the early colonists. The breeds that were developed were in both cases indicated as ‘Afrikaanders’, to distinguish them from imported European types.
1968 [see blinkhaar noun2].
β.
1946 S. Cloete Afr. Portraits 26At the age of nine he left home with his grandfather, father, his uncles Gert and Theunis, their families, a flock of nearly thirty thousand Afrikaaner sheep and a few hundred horses and cattle.
B. adjective obs.
1. Afrikaner adjective.
α.
1822 W.J. Burchell Trav. I. 274Their industry..excited..some jealousy and unkindness in the behaviour of their Africaander neighbours towards them.
1849 E.D.H.E. Napier Excursions in Sn Afr. II. 29We were..obliged to conform in every respect to the usual slow, tortoise-like ‘Africander’ movements of treking.
1892 The Jrnl 20 Sept. 2He is a trustworthy, honourable and steadfast landvader, who if elected, will send the Hollanders away, and set up a purely Afrikander Government.
1900 W.S. Churchill London to Ladysmith 120Think of a great Afrikander Republic — all South Africa speaking Dutch.
1924 L. Cohen Reminisc. of Jhb. 15An Africander accent you couldn’t cut with a knife without blunting it.
1930 Friend 25 Aug. 14Misgivings as to the women’s franchise also exercise party adherents who condemn it as socialistic and opposed to Afrikander traditions.
2. African adjective1 sense 1 a.
α.
1840 W. Pitt Cabin Boy 149There were..horse races, cricket matches, the swell, prime of life, bang up and Africanda societies, balls, fêtes champetres contrasted with arduous services.
1881 E. London Dispatch & Frontier Advertiser 12 Jan. 2We should like this journal to be as ‘Africander’ as possible in all saving the ugly euphony of the term.
1910 J. Runcie Idylls by Two Oceans 16Roger, the Africander collie, trotted gaily to the swinging strides of the rand miner.
Obsolete variant of Afrikanernoun2 a.
colourednouna. Also attributive.
One born in South Africa of European descent; a white inhabitant of South Africa. Also attributive.
(One of) an indigenous breed of cattle, red in colour and with large spreading horns; Cape ox, see Cape2 a. Also attributive.
Variant of Afrikanernoun1.
Afrikaansnoun. Also attributive.
the Namaqua AfrikanderNamaquanoun2, and the Ronderib. Also attributive.
Afrikaneradjective.
Africanadjective1 a.
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18221990