Bonsmara, noun

Origin:
Blend formed on the names of Jan Bonsma, a major figure in the development of the cattle breed, and of the Mara Research Station, at which the breed was developed.
(One of) a breed of beef cattle developed for local conditions by crossing the Shorthorn, Hereford, and Afrikander breeds. Also attributive. See also Afrikander noun sense 4.
1970 J. Van Marle in Std Encycl. of Sn Afr. II. 409The Bonsmara is not yet officially recognised as a pure breed, but a Bonsmara Cattle-Breeders’ Society was established in 1964.
1973 Daily Dispatch 12 May 18152 Bonsmara type cows (in calf). 119 Bonsmara type calves (some to be weaned). 26 Bonsmara heifers.
1981 J. Joubert in E. Prov. Herald 23 Mar. 13It took years of experimenting with the Afrikanders, Herefords and Shorthorns before he (sc. Bonsma) was satisfied he had the ideal admixture for adaptability to local conditions, fertility, acceptable milk production and docility. Other desirable Bonsmara characteristics are their high heat tolerance and because of their smooth coats and thick skins, an ability to repel ticks, the causes of heartwater.
1987 H. Goosen in S. Afr. Panorama May 43His most important achievement is the development of the hardy, tick-resistant Bonsmara cattle, a beef breed eminently suited to South African conditions.
1991 M. Oettle in Weekend Post 9 Feb. (Leisure) 7Bonsmara cattle...It (sc. the breed) has from the first been produced on the principle of performance testing — the only breed in the world raised on this principle.
(One of) a breed of beef cattle developed for local conditions by crossing the Shorthorn, Hereford, and Afrikander breeds. Also attributive.

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