DSAE test file

Zionist, adjective and noun

Origin:
From the name of the Christian Catholic Apostolic Church in Zion, the first such church in South Africa: see quotation 1968 at Zionism (below).
A. adjective Of or pertaining to a group of independent southern African churches which practise a form of Christianity incorporating elements of traditional African beliefs. See also Shembe, ZCC.
1941 W.M.B. Nhlapo in Bantu World 1 Mar. 9I have been fortunate to see two well-established churches; Shembe in Natal and Mahona in the Free State. All the other Zionist churches are but tiny and poor shadows of these two.
1990 S. Afr. Panorama Nov.Dec. 4The most important impetus for Zionist churches came from Zion City near Chicago in the USA.
B. noun A member of a Zionist church; in pl., also used as a collective term for these churches and their members.
1948 B.G.M. Sundkler Bantu Prophets 55Theologically the Zionists are now a syncretistic Bantu movement with healing, speaking with tongues, purification rites, and taboos as the main expressions of their faith.
1990 J. Knappert Aquarian Guide to Afr. Mythology 37Among the Zionists, baptism has a central place.
Of or pertaining to a group of independent southern African churches which practise a form of Christianity incorporating elements of traditional African beliefs.
A member of a Zionist church; in pl., also used as a collective term for these churches and their members.
Derivatives:
Hence Zionism noun, the religious beliefs and practices of these churches; the churches collectively, described as a movement.
1968 Cole & Flaherty House of Bondage 151African Zionism has no connection with any modern Jewish movement. It is based on a Christian sect founded..in 1896 by John Alexander Doxie. By 1904, missionaries from Zion, Illinois, were carrying Doxie’s teaching to a receptive African audience.
1980 D.B. Coplan Urbanization of African Performing Arts. 183In Zionism, African ‘prophets’ combined aspects of traditional African and Christian religious ritual, belief, and social organization.

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