South African Dutch, Dutch, AfrikaansShow more South African Dutch, from Dutch wilde (combining form of wild wild) + beest beast, referring to the animal either as an undomesticated bovine, or an untamable animal. (The modern Afrikaans form is wildebees.)
a.Either of two species of southern African antelope belonging to the genus Connochaetes of the Bovidae, C. gnou (see black wildebeest, sense b below) and C. taurinus (see blue wildebeest, sense b below); gnunoun1 sense a; wildebeast. Also attributive.
b. With distinguishing epithet, designating one or other of these two species:
||bastaard wildebeest, see blue wildebeest;
black wildebeest, Connochaetes gnou; black gnu, white-tailed gnu, see gnunoun1 sense b; white-tailed wildebeest;
blue wildebeest, ||blouwildebeest/bləʊ-/, also (formerly) ||blauw wilde beest, [Afrikaans, blou (earlier Dutch blauw) blue], C. taurinus; bastaard wildebeest; brindled gnu, see gnunoun1 sense b; kokoon;
white-tailed wildebeest, see black wildebeest.
1824W.J. BurchellTrav.II. 278The Mixed Hottentots have given it the name of Bastaard Wildebeest.
1866J. LeylandAdventures 15We shot a number of..blue and black Wildebeests.
1891R. WardSportsman’s Handbk 123In the open plains of the Orange Free State and the Transvaal, herds of..Black wildebeests..are still to be met with, but their numbers are becoming less and their range more circumscribed.
1976J. HanksMammals 39Black Wildebeest,..Overall colour from black to dark brown, with a long tail that is mostly white.
1987Conserva Apr. 5The bloubok and the quagga were wiped out, and only the creation of game reserves prevented such species as the..black wildebeest..from a similar fate.
Either of two species of southern African antelope belonging to the genus Connochaetes of the Bovidae, C. gnou (see black wildebeest, b below) and C. taurinus (see blue wildebeest, sense b below); gnunouna; wildebeast. Also attributive.
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