strandwolf, noun

straand wolf, straand wulfShow more Also straand wolf, straand wulf, stront wolf, stronte wolf, stronte woolfe.
strandwolwe /ˈstrantvɔlvə/, strandwolves.
South African Dutch, Dutch, EnglishShow more South African Dutch (from Dutch), strand coast, beach + wolf wolf (plural wolwe); or English strand beach + wolf (plural wolves).
The brown hyaena Hyaena brunnea which scavenges along the sea shore; strandjut; also called wolf (noun1).
1786 G. Forster tr. of A. Sparrman’s Voy. to Cape of G.H. I. 165Two other voracious animals of this kind are found in Africa, which are distinguished by the names of mountain-wolf and strand-wolf...The mountain-wolf is of a greyish cast, but the strand-wolf blackish with a grey head.
1796 E. Helme tr. of F. Le Vaillant’s Trav. into Int. III. 67The second [type of hyaena] is called strand-wolf (shore wolf).
1810 G. Barrington Acct of Voy. 272There are two kinds [of wolf]: the first is spotted, and..called by the Colonists tiger-wolf: the other is the strand-wolf.
1835 A. Steedman Wanderings 112From its peculiar habit of frequenting the sea-coast, the Dutch Colonists have given this animal the name of ‘Straand wolf,’ to distinguish it from the tiger wolf, or spotted hyaena, and the Aard wolf, or Proteles of zoologists, which are found throughout the Colony.
1846 H.H. Methuen Life in Wilderness 126There are two kinds of hyæna in South Africa — the spotted one, tiger-wolf of the colonists, is commonest and fiercest: the striped, or strand wolf, is not so large or bold. [Note] Hyæna villasa.
1878 T.J. Lucas Camp Life & Sport 237Besides the spotted and striped, there is the strand or stront wolf (the aard or earth wolf of the colonists), another kind of hyena, whose fur is of a reddish tint.
1881 P. Gillmore Land of Boer 205There is a very pretty little hyena to be found up in these localities, called by the natives ‘aard-wolf,’ and by the colonists ‘strand wolf’; it is about the size of a jackal, [and] possesses a bright fawn-coloured coat, handsomely marked with black lines.
1920 F.C. Cornell Glamour of Prospecting 19Their spoors and those of the stronte woolfe, or brown hyena, be seen along the desolate shore, where these creatures probably picked up a precarious living from the dead fish occasionally stranded there.
1958 S. Cloete Mask 44These great hyenas are called beach or strand wolves by Boers because they tended to roam along the coastal shores looking for dead fish, or birds or bodies washed up by the waves.
1968 G. Croudace Black Rose 19He could imagine his father, weak, exhausted, falling asleep at last beneath a rock and the strandwolf sneaking up on him, snatching one cowardly bite at his throat.
1987 T.F.J. Van Rensburg Intro. to Fynbos 51Brown hyena (strandwolves) are still found in the Groendal Wilderness Area.
The brown hyaena Hyaena brunnea which scavenges along the sea shore; strandjut; also called wolf (noun).
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