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sperrgebiet, noun

Forms:
Also sperregebiet, and (frequently) with initial capital.
Origin:
GermanShow more German, forbidden territory, from sperren to close, bar + Gebiet area, territory.
The area of the Namibian coast between Lüderitz and the Orange River, where diamonds were found in 1908 and to which the German Government (and subsequently the South African authorities) allowed only restricted access. Also attributive.
1926 M. Nathan S. Afr. from Within 46In April 1908, diamonds were discovered in the desert sand near Lüderitzbucht...The German Government ordered the closing of the area which had not been pegged off by companies. This area, known as Sperrgebiet, and believed to be of great value, was also closed to prospecting by the succeeding British Administration. The sperrgebiet extends from Lüderitzbucht to the Orange river.
1993 G. Williamson in Afr. Wildlife Vol.47 No.2, 52The Sperrgebiet lies in the south-western corner of Namibia, comprising the southernmost portion of the great Namib Desert. It is about 220 kilometres long, roughly rectangular in shape, and wedged between the rugged Atlantic coast and the base of the high inland escarpment.
The area of the Namibian coast between Lüderitz and the Orange River, where diamonds were found in 1908 and to which the German Government (and subsequently the South African authorities) allowed only restricted access. Also attributive.

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19261993