sandkruiper, noun

Forms:
Also sandkruper, zandkruiper.
Origin:
Afrikaans, DutchShow more Afrikaans, from Dutch zand sand + kruiper creeper; see quotation 1731.
1. Any of several species of marine fish of the family Rhinobatidae (guitarfishes); sand-creeper.
1887 S.W. Silver & Co.’s Handbk to S. Afr. 185Rhinobatus annulatus...Zand Kruiper...Flesh tender and delicate.
[1906 J.G. Scheuchzer tr. of E. Kaempfer’s Hist. of Japan I. 233Jeso by the Dutch call’d Sandkruper, is a middling fish between a Smelt and an Eel.]
1913 C. Pettman Africanderisms 536Vioolvisch, A species of sand shark, Rhinobatus annulatus, has received its name because of its fiddle-like shape. Called also Zand-kruiper.
1949 J.L.B. Smith Sea Fishes of Sn Afr. 64Rhinobatos blochii...Rhinobatos obtusus...Sand Shark. Sandkruiper. Fiddlefish. Vioolvis...Rhinobatos annulatus...Sand Shark. Sandkruiper. Shovelnose. Fiddlefish. Vioolvis. Guitarfish.
1971 R. Raven-Hart Cape G.H. 1652–1702 521Sandkruiper, Rhinobatus sp.
2. obsolete. A type of tortoise.
1911 The State Dec. 643 (Pettman)There were berg tortoises, and vlakte tortoises and zandkruipers and even water tortoises.
1913 C. Pettman Africanderisms 569Zand kruiper,..The name is also applied to a variety of tortoise.
Any of several species of marine fish of the family Rhinobatidae (guitarfishes); sand-creeper.
A type of tortoise.
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18871971