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Saldanha, noun

Origin:
Portuguese, EnglishShow more From the original Portuguese name for Table Bay, Agoada de Saldanha (named for Antonio de Saldanha, an admiral wounded there by Khoikhoi inhabitants in 1503); the name was transferred to the present Saldanha Bay by Joris van Spilbergen who mistakenly believed that he had reached Table Bay in 1601. In early English accounts ‘Saldanha Bay’ often refers to Table Bay.
1. In historical contexts. [Named for Agoada de Saldanha (Table Bay).] Usually in combinations Saldanhaman, Saldania man, or in derivatives formed in Dutch or English: Saldanhar, Saldanhater, Saldania, Saldanier.
a. A member of any of several clans of Khoikhoi living in the south-western Cape during the seventeenth century; in the plural, also a collective term for any or all of these clans; Goringhaiqua. Also attributive. See also Gorachouqua, Kaapmans, Khoikhoi.
1607 [see kaffir sense 2].
1976 A.R. Willcox Sn Land 155The Saldanhars..had a regular annual migration into South West Cape from the rather arid region to the north.
b. transferred sense A cattle trader of Khoikhoi or Xhosa origin (probably so called because of the cattle trading carried on by the Khoikhoi people of sense a).
1846 J. Sutherland Memoir II. 589The Saldanhaman..come every year with innumerable cattle and sheep.
1900 A.H. Keane Boer States: Land & People p.xviiiSaldaniers, originally the Hottentots of the grassy Saldanha Bay district, who had always plenty of cattle to sell to the Dutch East India Company’s people; later, any native livestock dealers.
2. The name of present-day Saldanha Bay, used attributively and in Special Combinations, as
Saldanha man, a fossil hominid belonging to an ancient form of Homo sapiens;
Saldanha skull, the fragments of the skull found in 1955 by the archaeologists R. Singer and K. Jolly.
Note:
These fragments were found at Hopefield, near Saldanha Bay, about 100 km north of Cape Town.
1953 M.R. Drennan in S. Afr. Jrnl of Science L. 8 (caption)Side view of the skull-cap of Saldanha Man...The Saldanha skull is thus somewhat shorter..than..the Rhodesian skull.
1985 G.T. Nurse et al. Peoples of Sn Afr. 42There are morphological objections to seeing in the Broken Hill and Saldanha rhodesioid remains the ancestral common stock suggested by Tobias (1962a) and Brothwell (1963).
A member of any of several clans of Khoikhoi living in the south-western Cape during the seventeenth century; in the plural, also a collective term for any or all of these clans; Goringhaiqua. Also attributive.
A cattle trader of Khoikhoi or Xhosa origin (probably so called because of the cattle trading carried on by the Khoikhoi people of a).

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16141985