Saldanha, noun

Origin:
Portuguese, EnglishShow more From the original Portuguese name for Table Bay, Agoada de Saldanha (named for Antonio de Saldanha, an admiral wounded there by Khoikhoi inhabitants in 1503); the name was transferred to the present Saldanha Bay by Joris van Spilbergen who mistakenly believed that he had reached Table Bay in 1601. In early English accounts ‘Saldanha Bay’ often refers to Table Bay.
1. In historical contexts. [Named for Agoada de Saldanha (Table Bay).] Usually in combinations Saldanhaman, Saldania man, or in derivatives formed in Dutch or English: Saldanhar, Saldanhater, Saldania, Saldanier.
a. A member of any of several clans of Khoikhoi living in the south-western Cape during the seventeenth century; in the plural, also a collective term for any or all of these clans; Goringhaiqua. Also attributive. See also Gorachouqua, Kaapmans, Khoikhoi.
1607 [see kaffir sense 2].
1614 N. Downton in R. Raven-Hart Before Van Riebeeck (1967) 64The Saldanians broughte vs downe some fewe cattell, which as formerlie we bought for copper, but..theie alltogether desired brasse.
1643 P. Mundy in R. Raven-Hart Before Van Riebeeck (1967) 141Theis that are hereabouts (by report) are of a baser Sort and live in feare of others called Saldania men, whoe are further in the Land.
1731 G. Medley tr. of P. Kolben’s Present State of Cape of G.H. I. 61Bordering on the Gunjemans, Northward, is the Kochoqua Nation, call’d by Dapper, Saldanhaters.
1841 B. Shaw Memorials 7By means of a Hottentot named Harry, who could speak a little English, Van Riebeeck obtained a supply of cattle from the natives called Saldanians.
1849 E.D.H.E. Napier Excursions in Sn Afr. I. 19Another tribe..inhabiting the neighbourhood of Saldanha Bay...Between these ‘Saldanhers’ and the ‘Strandloopers’ there existed a deadly feud. These Saldanhers appear to have been a race much superior to that of the Strandloopers.
1861 P.B. Borcherds Auto-Biog. Mem. 270They would keep away altogether and you would find yourselves deprived not only of daily barter with the Saldanhars, but also of the trade with all the other tribes before named.
1913 C. Pettman Africanderisms 420Saldanier, A Hottentot from the neighbourhood of Saldanha Bay was so called by the early Dutch colonists.
1961 L.E. Van Onselen Trekboer 106The clans were named Namaquas, Saldanhas and Outeniquas to mention only three. They were a yellowish people, larger in stature than the Bushman and spoke a language of their own.
1972 J.P. van S. Bruwer in Std Encycl. of Sn Afr. V. 606As soon as they arrived in South Africa the Portuguese,..followed by the Dutch colonists in 1652, came into contact with a yellowish brown pastoral people at the Cape. The colonists at first called them Kaapmans and Saldanhars, but later on the name ‘Hottentot’..became firmly established.
1976 A.R. Willcox Sn Land 155The Saldanhars..had a regular annual migration into South West Cape from the rather arid region to the north.
b. transferred sense A cattle trader of Khoikhoi or Xhosa origin (probably so called because of the cattle trading carried on by the Khoikhoi people of sense a).
1846 J. Sutherland Memoir II. 589The Saldanhaman..come every year with innumerable cattle and sheep.
1900 A.H. Keane Boer States: Land & People p.xviiiSaldaniers, originally the Hottentots of the grassy Saldanha Bay district, who had always plenty of cattle to sell to the Dutch East India Company’s people; later, any native livestock dealers.
2. The name of present-day Saldanha Bay, used attributively and in Special Combinations, as
Saldanha man, a fossil hominid belonging to an ancient form of Homo sapiens;
Saldanha skull, the fragments of the skull found in 1955 by the archaeologists R. Singer and K. Jolly.
Note:
These fragments were found at Hopefield, near Saldanha Bay, about 100 km north of Cape Town.
1953 M.R. Drennan in S. Afr. Jrnl of Science L. 8 (caption)Side view of the skull-cap of Saldanha Man...The Saldanha skull is thus somewhat shorter..than..the Rhodesian skull.
1954 Amer. Jrnl Physical Anthropol. XII. 349Fluorine tests also revealed that Mesochoerus and Paleoloxodon lived contemporaneously with Saldanha Man.
1959 J.D. Clark Prehist. of S. Afr. 83Saldanha Man may..be considered to be representative of the kind of ‘proto-Australoid’ individual who was responsible for the final expression of the Earlier Stone Age cultures in Southern Africa at the end of the Middle and beginning of the Upper Pleistocene.
1973 L.H. Wells in Std Encycl. of Sn Afr. IX. 473Saldanha Man, Most widely current name for the fossil man found at the Elandsfontein site near Hopefield. Fragments of the skull were recovered by Keith Jolly, an archaeologist working on the site in association with Dr. Ronald Singer.
1973 B.J. Williams Evolution & Human Origins 184The later find of the Saldanha skull provided another specimen almost identical to that of Rhodesian Man.
1985 G.T. Nurse et al. Peoples of Sn Afr. 42There are morphological objections to seeing in the Broken Hill and Saldanha rhodesioid remains the ancestral common stock suggested by Tobias (1962a) and Brothwell (1963).
A member of any of several clans of Khoikhoi living in the south-western Cape during the seventeenth century; in the plural, also a collective term for any or all of these clans; Goringhaiqua. Also attributive.
A cattle trader of Khoikhoi or Xhosa origin (probably so called because of the cattle trading carried on by the Khoikhoi people of a).
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16141985