riem, verb transitive

Forms:
reim, remShow more Also reim, rem, rhem, rim.
Origin:
South African DutchShow more Probably from riem noun; however the spelling-forms rhem and rem suggest that there was confusion between, or conflation of, South African Dutch rem brake (see remskoen) and riem thong (riem noun).
obs.
1.
a. To lock (a waggon-wheel) with chains or raw-hide thongs.
1835 A. Steedman Wanderings I. 182The banks being very steep, and the driver having objected to rhem the wheels, we descended with great rapidity into the bed of the river.
1850 R.G.G. Cumming Hunter’s Life I. 45Having rheimed or secured the two hind wheels by means of the drag-chains.
1851 R. Gray Jrnls of Two Visitations II. 36He said he did not dare ‘reim’ (lock) the wheel; and that if went down with it unlocked, all would roll into the precipice below.
1856 A.G. Bain in J. Burman Guide to Garden Route (1973) 43This road has been worn down in the course of ages by ‘remming’ (braking) at least two wheels of every wagon that descends it, into a deep channel from six to eight feet high.
a1858 J. Goldswain Chron. (1946) I. 3The drift was so narrow so that no one could go by the side of the Oxen and verey steep to go down to the water or cold we rim the wheal for if I had they Oxen wold have had to stop wile I had to on loos the wele.
1875 P. in A.M.L. Robinson Sel. Articles from Cape Monthly Mag. (1978) 193Although the wheels were reimed and skidded to the utmost the incline was so steep that it appeared a miracle that the whole wagon and its contents were not turned bodily over upon the oxen yoked to the disselboom.
1876 T. Stubbs Reminiscences. 21Old Fancutt said Master I think as how we had better lock her (Meaning to reim the waggon), My Father Thought he could Keep them back.
1878 H.A. Roche On Trek in Tvl 276John has bound it round with a good stout reim — ‘to reim’ is a verb peculiar to South Africa — I cannot but think the first stone..will sever the hide, thick as it is.
1887 A.A. Anderson 25 Yrs in Waggon I. 89One road from this place goes down to the river through a fearful valley, it is necessary to ‘riem’ (tie) the four wheels of the waggon, otherwise it would go crash down into the precipice below, and then turn over and be smashed.
1934 B.I. Buchanan Pioneer Days 92When..he reached a short, rather steep dip he ‘rimmed’ (blocked by fastening a chain round the rim) both wheels on one side of the bus, with the inevitable result that the vessel promptly capsized.
b. comb.
riem-chain, a chain used for locking the wheels of a wagon.
1860 W. Shaw Story of my Mission 352An accident occurred to the riem chain, or wheel-lock, of one of the wagons, while running down the rocky bank to the stream.
2. To tie with a leather thong or ‘riem’ (see riem noun sense 1 a).
1852 H. Ward Jasper Lyle 111‘And so now..I’ll reim the prisoner.’ ‘Reim the prisoner?’ said Ormsky...‘Tie him to the wagon wheel, master,’ answered May.
1878 T.J. Lucas Camp Life & Sport 43The oxen are ‘reimed’ together by the horns, and are inspanned in couples by means of a yoke of heavy wood, which rests horizontally upon their necks.
To lock (a waggon-wheel) with chains or raw-hide thongs.
To tie with a leather thong or ‘riem’ (see riemnoun1 a).
Derivatives:
Hence rieming verbal noun, the locking of a wheel.
1878 H.A. Roche On Trek in Tvl 280John’s constant ‘reiming’ makes it just hold, but it is very shaky.
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