Randlord, noun

Origin:
South African English, EnglishShow more South African English Rand (see rand sense 2 a) + English lord, after landlord; coined by the British press.
often derogatory
1. In historical contexts. A Johannesburg-based mining magnate or tycoon of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Also attributive. See also rand sense 2.
[1904 Daily Chron. (U.K.) 21 Mar. 5The Randlords’ proposal really drives the British workman out of the Transvaal.]
1936 R.J.M. Goold-Adams S. Afr. To-Day & To-Morrow 54The black man may go away to his kraal and die a premature death, but that — so the Rand-lords say — is not the fault of the mines in which he worked.
1955 L. Hotz in Saron & Hotz Jews in S. Afr. 357Among the leading figures from Kimberley who quickly assumed a commanding position on the gold-fields, the so-called Randlords, were Barnato, the Joels, Alfred Beit, Albu, and Lionel Phillips.
1965 C. Van Heyningen Orange Days 69The fine houses of the mining millionaires (the Rand Lords) and..the shanties of the poor whites and African miners.
1970 B. Roberts Churchills in Afr. 143‘The Nineties’, says a historian, ‘were the high and palmy days of the great Randlords...Johannesburg seemed nearer to London than any English town’.
1970 A. Parker in Personality 8 Jan. 28They were a swaggering lot, those Randlords of the 1890’s..adventurers, buccaneers, robust and red-blooded.
1974 Sunday Times 3 Nov. (Mag. Sect.) 7Before the year 1925,..it was comparatively easy for social-climbing millionaires from the colonies to buy a baronetcy from the British Government...South Africa’s Randlords were not slow to take advantage of what presently became a racket.
1979 T. Pakenham Boer War (1982) 46Hohenheim, the suburban villa of Percy Fitzpatrick, a Cape-born Uitlander who worked for the great mining house of Wernher-Beit..built in ‘Randlords Gothic’..commanded the hillside on which lay Johannesburg.
c1985 M. Kirkwood in Eng. Academy Rev. Vol.3 1Time goes down on the Randlord town and street by street the decades fall in clouds of dust.
1986 Frontline June 19It has taken the best part of a century for anything like the whole truth to dawn about the Randlords. They were rapacious, corrupt, and responsible for a significant proportion of both the world’s wealth and its suffering in their lifetimes, and quite a bit in ours.
1987 Weekly Mail 10 July 7This is the empire built by the Oppenheimer dynasty, started by the second generation Randlord, Sir Ernest Oppenheimer.
1990 K. Owen in Sunday Times 3 Mar. 21The top public servants, who live like Randlords (Pretoria-style: two Alsatians, a broodboom and a heart by-pass).
2. transferred sense. Any wealthy or powerful Johannesburg person, especially one linked with the mining-houses.
1975 E. Prov. Herald 18 Nov. 13What evidence does he have for the claim that ‘Randlords’ are supporting Saan financially as a mouthpiece for the Progressive Reform Party?
1985 Financial Mail 18 Jan. 35Nor last week was it the Rand Lords or Big Business that spoke out...In their midst were the grassroots businessmen of the Afrikaans community from the Handelsinstituut (AHI).
1991 Weekly Mail 20 Dec. 32Randlord...Julian Ogilvie-Thompson, known as ‘Jot’ succeeded Gavin Relly as head of Anglo American.
A Johannesburg-based mining magnate or tycoon of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Also attributive.
Any wealthy or powerful Johannesburg person, especially one linked with the mining-houses.

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19041991