rand, noun

/rænd/, /rant/, /rɒnt/
Forms:
randt, rantShow more Formerly also randt, rant, rantz, ront.
Origin:
Afrikaans, DutchShow more Afrikaans, from Dutch rand edge, border.
1.
a. Plural rands, rande //, occasionally (formerly) rantzes. A long (rocky) hillock; an area of high, sloping ground; cf. randjie.
1839 J. Collett Diary. II. 27 MayFinished making New Kralls to day on Willow fountain rant.
1980 A.J. Blignaut Dead End Rd 91I could hear the swishing of the grass fifty paces away as the leopard tiptoed on the rand.
b. A common element in place-names, e.g. Fish River Rand, Randburg, Randfontein, Witwatersrand.
[1836 C.L. Stretch Journal. 24 Feb.Descended the Fish river heights called by the Dutch ‘Vis Rivier ront’ and encamped at a stream.]
1989 P.E. Raper Dict. of Sn Afr. Place Names 460Randfontein,..Gold-mining town some 24 km west of Johannesburg...The name is Afrikaans and means ‘ridge fountain’, ‘fountain on the edge’.
2. The Rand [short form of Afrikaans place name Witwatersrand, wit white + watersrand watershed, divide]: a. The gold fields, mining towns, and cities (including Johannesburg) situated along the Witwatersrand gold-reef, in the province of Gauteng. b. This gold-reef. Also attributive. In both senses also called the Reef (see reef sense 2). See also Randlord.
1888 Cape Punch 7 Mar. 136If you just take a trip up to the Randt you’d get a good property in no time.
1987 C.T. Msimang in S. Afr. Jrnl of Afr. Langs Vol.7 No.3, 82Tsotsitaal is a contact medium which developed when blacks of various ethnic groups were thrown together in the South African cities, especially on the Rand.
c. Special Combinations historical
Rand Revolt, the violent miners' strike of 1922, which was put down by government troops;
Rand Tram [see quotation 1933], a railway-service linking Johannesburg with the towns of the east and west Rand.
1962 A.P. Cartwright Gold Miners 210Forty years have passed since the ‘Rand Revolt’ was suppressed but the historian still finds it hard to explain the sudden surge of violence that turned a dispute over wages and hours of work into civil war.
1933 W.H.S. Bell Bygone Days 312The company owned 717 miles of railway (including the Rand Tram). [Note] In the very early days of the Rand Tram — a railway extending from Johannesburg to Boksburg on the east and Krugersdorp on the west — the Boers were much averse to railways and in order to obtain Volksraad approval to the construction and working of the line, it was called a ‘tramway’.
3.
a. Often with initial capital. Plural unchanged, or rands. The unit of decimal currency adopted in 1961, replacing the pound, and originally equivalent to ten shillings sterling; buck noun3; maphepha sense 1 a; R noun1. Also attributive.
1959 [see R n.1].
1991 E. Prov. Herald 17 May 27Make friends with the locals and for a few rand the hired help will lighten the load.
b. With qualifying word:
blocked rand historical, from 1961 to 1976, rands held in South Africa by non-residents, permitted to be invested only in particular types of securities, and not to be withdrawn from the country except under certain conditions (superseded by the securities rand system, see below);
commercial rand, the rand at the ordinary foreign exchange rate, applicable to import and export transactions and to international trade by South African residents;
financial rand historical, (the unit of) investment currency for non-residents, used also by emigrants and immigrants for their settling-in allowances; finrand;
securities rand historical, the rand proceeds from the local sale and redemption of South African securities and other investments owned by non-residents. Also attributive. See also Kruger sense 2 a.
1963 Annual Econ. Report (S. Afr. Reserve Bank) 38The Treasury..was replacing the 5 per cent five-year blocked rand bonds with new 3¼ per cent three-year bonds.
1993 J. Postmas on M-Net TV 14 Mar. (Carte Blanche)The so-called securities rand.
A long (rocky) hillock; an area of high, sloping ground;
A common element in place-names, e.g. Fish River Rand, Randburg, Randfontein, Witwatersrand.
The gold fields, mining towns, and cities (including Johannesburg) situated along the Witwatersrand gold-reef, in the province of Gauteng.
This gold-reef. Also attributive. In both senses also called the Reefreef2.
The unit of decimal currency adopted in 1961, replacing the pound, and originally equivalent to ten shillings sterling; bucknoun; maphepha1 a; Rnoun. Also attributive.
Derivatives:
Hence (sense 2) Randite noun  obsolete, one from the Rand; (sense 1 a) randsy adjective nonce, hilly.
1882 J. Nixon Among Boers 267We drove full tilt across a stony rantzy country, which neither delighted the eye, nor afforded ease to the back.
1926 E. Prov. Herald 16 Jan. 12Mutton for Randites.

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18361994