peri-peri, piri-piri, adjective and & noun

Origin:
Swahili, Mozambiquan Portuguese, ArabicShow more Etymology obscure; perhaps adaptation of Swahili pilipili pepper; or perhaps Mozambiquan Portuguese; in either case, the ultimate origin may be Arabic phil-phil chilli. The forms pil-pil and pilli-pilli occur in Spain and West Africa.
Note:
Perhaps used in the English of East Africa earlier than in that of southern Africa; a standard term in South African English.
A. adjective Of or pertaining to hot red chilli seasoning; descriptive of foods made with this seasoning or sauce.
1959 L. Morris World’s Best (Red Cross) 116Chicken Peri-Peri...Have at hand a piece of garlic and some cooking oil into which you put some chilli powder made by crushing or mincing or rubbing through a sieve the dry little common red chillies.
1969 International Goodwill Recipe Bk (Jhb. Women’s Zionist League) 110Grilled Chicken Peri Peri...Pour 4 teaspoonsful of Peri Peri Sauce on each half and squeeze the lemon juice over the chicken.
c1970 Your Guide to Spices (Robertson & Co.) 20Prawns Peri Peri: Fry Prawns in butter to which has been added juice of half a lemon and ¼ tsp. Peri Peri...Peri Peri Steak:...Season with garlic salt and a very light sprinkling of Peri Peri...Chicken Peri Peri...Peri Peri Sauce.
a1973 Blesbok Recipe Bk 73Dash peri-peri powder.
1988 F. Williams Cape Malay Cookbk 20Grilled Peri-Peri Prawns.
a1990 S. Afr. Cookbk (Reader’s Digest Assoc.) 135Chicken Peri-Peri. A spicy dish of Portuguese origin, this is probably the best known of the ‘hot’ chicken dishes.
a1990 S. Afr. Cookbk (Reader’s Digest Assoc.) 175Peri-Peri Sauce..is an ideal basting sauce for chicken or prawns ‘peri-peri’. The strength of the peri-peri flavour is determined by the number of times you anoint the food while grilling or braaing it.
1992 Smit & Fulton Complete S. Afr. Bk of Food & Cookery 306Prawns peri-peri..500 g fresh or frozen prawns;..5 ml peri-peri powder.
B. noun A hot sauce based on red chillies, peppers, and lemon juice; a seasoning of powdered red chillies; any dish made with this seasoning. Also attributive.
1967 Can You Beat It? (Anglican Church, Sasolburg) 28Approximately 1½ tablespoons Liquid Peri-Peri.
c1970 Your Guide to Spices (Robertson & Co.) 20To make curry really hot, lightly sprinkle Peri Peri over curry after serving.
a1973 Blesbok Recipe Bk 73Sprinkle with salt, pepper, curry powder, mustard, peri-peri and mixed herbs.
1977 L. Van der Post First Catch your Eland 177Piri-piri was perhaps Mozambique’s national dish and its main contribution to the art of cooking in Portuguese Africa. Piri-piri was, of course, not unknown in Angola...It has achieved a certain popularity in Lisbon but nowhere was piri-piri so consistently eaten as in Mozambique, particularly in Beira and the capital...The man who has become hooked on piri-piri hungers for his favourite dish like a junkie for heroin...Piri-piri feasts, if not piri-piri orgies, were organised for visitors from the interior...The restaurants and hotels, like the great Polana, always seemed full of piri-piri voluptuaries.
1988 E. Crompton-Lomax S. Afr. Menu & Kitchen Dict. 58Peri-peri; piri-piri, a spice blended from hot chillies; excellent seasoning for meat, chicken and prawns.
1988 F. Williams Cape Malay Cookbk 20Peri-peri, a fiery mixture of red chillis, is a flavour unique to Africa...Mix flour and peri-peri and sprinkle over chicken on both sides.
1992 Smit & Fulton Complete S. Afr. Bk of Food & Cookery 306Peri-peri is an African term for a mixture of fiery red chillies — or piripiri — pounded to make a hot chilli paste.
Of or pertaining to hot red chilli seasoning; descriptive of foods made with this seasoning or sauce.
A hot sauce based on red chillies, peppers, and lemon juice; a seasoning of powdered red chillies; any dish made with this seasoning. Also attributive.
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