Pandour, noun

Forms:
Also Pandoer, and with small initial.
Plurals:
Pandours, Pandoure /ˈpændʊərə/.
Origin:
English, Serbo-Croatian, South African DutchShow more Transferred use of general English Pandour a brutal Croatian soldier (historical), from Serbo-Croatian pandur a Croatian soldier; or from South African Dutch pandoer.
historical
A member of a Khoikhoi regiment established on orders from the Dutch East India Company in 1793 to defend the Colony; in the plural, this regiment. See also Hottentot noun sense 1 b.
1800 J. Backstrom in G.M. Theal Rec. of Cape Col. (1898) III. 288If the least word is said about pandours (Hottentots in service) Buys will fall upon them with the whole Caffraria.
1904 H.A. Bryden Hist. of S. Afr. 28For two years Janssens was expecting an English descent. He had been preparing as best might, strengthening his corps of Hottentots — Pandours they were sometimes called — to the number of 600.
1910 E.C. Godee-Molsbergen Hist. of S. Afr. 84 (Swart)Instead of sending European soldiers to enforce the summons, the Government despatched a troop of Pandours, who were hated throughout the Colony.
1926 P.W. Laidler Tavern of Ocean 104A Hottentot corps of ‘Pandours’ or foot soldiers was formed, two hundred and ten strong.
1934 C.P. Swart Supplement to Pettman. 133Pandours,..Hottentot regiment, first trained by the Netherlands Commissioners’ orders in 1783.
1977 R.J. Haines in R.J. Bouch Infantry in S. Afr. 1652–1976 2To supplement its forces,..the Company resorted to freed slaves, Hottentots and other blacks. Freed slaves were initially used for fire prevention and guard duties, and later formed into a regular corps called Pandoere.
1982 A.P. Brink Chain of Voices 347He’d brought a young Hottentot with him to interpret for us — a Pandoer very proud of his uniform.
1983 S. Afr. Panorama Sept. 32The Korps van Pandoere was established in 1793...The Corps of Pandours was the forerunner of the Cape Corps which was raised by the Dutch East India company in 1795 to defend the colony and incorporated into the British Army when it occupied the Cape that year.
1989 F.G. Butler Tales from Old Karoo 14The old Dutch East India Company tried to police the East Cape Frontier with pandoers — Malays and halfcastes from the Cape mixed with Hottentots..— surviving as mercenaries in the pay of the powers that had taken their land and way of life from them.
A member of a Khoikhoi regiment established on orders from the Dutch East India Company in 1793 to defend the Colony; in the plural, this regiment.
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18001989