pacht, noun

Forms:
Also pagt.
Origin:
South African Dutch, Dutch, LatinShow more South African Dutch, from Dutch pacht, pagt pact, leasehold (from Latin pactus agreement).
obs.
During the 18th and early 19th centuries, a monopoly licence for the retailing of wine and spirits, sold by the authorities to only one retailer in any given area. Also attributive.
Note:
The pacht was abolished in Cape Town in November 1823, and in the country districts in 1828.
1823 W.W. Bird State of Cape of G.H. 41The Pagt is the monopoly of selling wine by retail, and the Pagter is the farmer of that monopoly.
1824 S. Afr. Commercial Advertiser 28 Jan. 31The Pachters of the District of Albany offer a Reward of One Hundred and Fifty Rixdollars for such information as will lead to the detection and condemnation of persons violating the Pacht Regulations.
1826 R. Bourke in G.M. Theal Rec. of Cape Col. (1905) XXVII. 80The general substitution of licences to Retailers of Wine and Spirituous Liquors in lieu of the Pacht will..occasion another loss of Revenue.
1827 Reports of Commissioners upon Finances at Cape of G.H. II. 57The licences for retail of wine were annually directed to be farmed to four persons, who were not to be wine-growers. This monopoly under the name of ‘Pagt,’ was continued in Cape Town, in the hands of one person, and is still supported in the country districts.
1832 Cape of G.H. Lit. Gaz. 1 Feb. 243We would seriously take into consideration the propriety of re-establishing the old Pacht for Cape Town.
1926 P.W. Laidler Tavern of Ocean 171You may talk of your pachts...The nectar you sip at the glorious Apollo Is drink for the Gods and will beat them all hollow.
During the 18th and early 19th centuries, a monopoly licence for the retailing of wine and spirits, sold by the authorities to only one retailer in any given area. Also attributive.

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18231926