A Trotskyite liberation group formed in 1943 as an alternative to South African Communist Party-influenced mass movements such as the African National Congress.
From 1961 the NEUM was active mainly through a splinter group, Apdusa. Revived in 1985 under the name New Unity Movement, the organisation was also occasionally called the Unity Movement. See also AAC, Anti-Cad.
1959Ikhwezi Lomso May 8Both the Anti-C.A.D. and the South African Convention, together with all those organisations affiliated to the N.E.U.M. are pledged to the struggle against oppression.
1963M. HorrellAction, Reaction 4A section of the Coloured people..established an Anti-C.A.C. movement, which later changed its name to the Non-European Unity Movement, with the aim of securing united action...As time went by the N.E.U.M. grew increasingly radical and stood for complete non-co-operation with Whites.
1971Drum Aug. 10Hassim had been a main official of the NEUM.
1984R. Davies et al.Struggle for S. Afr.II. 311Concretely, the NEUM was created by a merger of the All African Convention..and a militant coloured federation known as the Anti-CAD (Anti Coloured Affairs Department). The South African Indian Congress was also initially associated with the NEUM.
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