DSAE test file

melkbos, noun

Forms:
Formerly also melkbosch.
Origin:
Afrikaans, South African DutchShow more Afrikaans (earlier South African Dutch melkbosch), melk milk + bos forest, bush.
1. Any of several species of low, shrubby plants which produce a white (often poisonous) latex when injured. a. Any of several species belonging to the milkweed family (Asclepiadaceae): i. Either of two species of Asclepias, A. fruticosa or A. physocarpa. See also wild kapok (wild sense a). ii. Any of several species of Sarcostemma. b. Any of several species of the genus Euphorbia of the Euphorbiaceae, especially E. mauritanica, and including E. hamata (see sense c below); see also milk-bush sense (b) at milk sense 2. Also attributive, and (occasionally) melkbossie [see -ie].
1862 A Lady Life at Cape (1963) 100Here..you find tufts of reed called the ‘melkbosch’, which are full of a milky fluid, only grateful to goats, for sheep will not touch it.
1989 M. Roberts Herbs for Healing 79Warts. Apply any of the following directly onto the wart, at regular intervals: the milky juice of Melkbos or a Fig leaf.
2. With defining word: olifantmelkbos, olifantsmelkbos [Afrikaans, olifant elephant (+ linking phoneme (or plural) -s-)], the plant Euphorbia hamata of the Euphorbiaceae; see also sense 1 b above.
Note:
Used as a food for livestock (see quotation 1966).
1898 in T.R. Sim Forests & Forest Flora (1907) 316The local name of the plant [Euphorbia cervicornis] is Olifant Melkbosch.
1966 C.A. Smith Common Names 355Olifantsmelkbos, Euphorbia hamata..: A unisexual plant, forming large, spreading growths from a tuberous rootstock. Stem succulent with copious latex...An excellent fodder plant which is much valued and carried as food for stock when trekking through the arid parts..where the plant is not found.
3. In full melkbos tree:a. The small tree Diplorhynchus condylocarpon of the Apocynaceae. b. the milkwood (sense (a) see milk sense 2), Sideroxylon inerme of the Sapotaceae.
1939 D. Rame Wine of Good Hope I. 92They camped below melk-bosch trees.
1988 G. Croudace Secret of Rock 36The wind was still raging..tossing the branches of the melkbos, though their camp in the lee of the slow-growing tree was fairly sheltered.
Either of two species of Asclepias, A. fruticosa or A. physocarpa.
Any of several species of Sarcostemma.
Any of several species of the genus Euphorbia of the Euphorbiaceae, especially E. mauritanica, and including E. hamata (see c below);
olifantmelkbos, olifantsmelkbos, olifant elephant (+ linking phoneme (or plural) -s-), the plant Euphorbia hamata of the Euphorbiaceae;
The small tree Diplorhynchus condylocarpon of the Apocynaceae.
the milkwood (sense (a) see milk2), Sideroxylon inerme of the Sapotaceae.

Visualise Quotations

Quotation summary

Senses

18621989