Kruger, noun

Origin:
The name of Stephanus Johannes Paulus Kruger (1825–1904), president of the Transvaal (or South African) Republic from 1883 to 1901.
1. Special Combination Kruger Day in historical contexts, the 10th of October, a public holiday commemorating the birthday of President Paul Kruger. Also attributive.
Note:
Scrapped as a public holiday in December 1994.
[1889 F. Jeppe Tvl Almanac & Dir. 24October, 31 days. The 10 President Krüger born, 1825, Holiday.]
1952 Act 5 in Stat. of Rep. of S. Afr.The days mentioned in the First Schedule to this Act shall be public holidays...First Schedule..Kruger Day (tenth day of October).
1980 Rand Daily Mail 9 Oct. 3Kruger day celebrations will be held at different venues around the country.
1985 Weekly Mail 18 Oct. 9Kruger Day is traditionally a day of rededication to the ideals of the Afrikaner nation..commemorating the Afrikaner hero who led the Boers in their losing battle against British imperialism.
1987 P. Ronan in E. Prov. Herald 13 Nov. 2A large number of black persons believe that Kruger Day is a celebration of apartheid.
1988 N. Mathiane in Frontline Oct.Nov. 32The morning of Kruger Day — Saturday, October 10.
c1988 S. Afr. 1987–8: Off. Yrbk (Bureau for Info.) 613The Economic Affairs Committee of the President’s Council in September 1987 recommended that Kruger Day and Founders’ Day be abolished as public holidays and that a heroes’ day be introduced in September.
1990 E. Cloete in Weekly Mail 12 Oct. 1Our idea was to de-mystify Kruger’s or Heroes Day.
1993 M. Burger in Sunday Times 10 Oct. 22The entire 45-minute slot on what is likely to be the last Kruger Day will be devoted to what promises to be a heated exchange of views on such sensitive matters as the Springbok emblem, the flag and the national anthem.
1994 E. Prov. Herald 8 Sept. 1A number of public holidays, including Sharpeville Day, Kruger Day and Republic Day, will be scrapped next year.
2.
a. In full Krugerrand, also Kruger rand /-rænd/, /rant/ [see rand sense 3 a]: a coin of legal tender consisting of one ounce of gold, first minted in 1967 and bearing the portrait of Paul Kruger on the obverse side; any one of the fractional Krugerrands (see sense b). Also attributive.
1967 Govt Gaz. Vol.25 No.1793, 1Design On Krugerrand Gold Coin. Under and by virtue of the powers vested in me..I hereby declare..that the design on the obverse and on the reverse of the Kruggerrand gold coin (1 ounce fine gold)..will appear on the said coin.
1967 S. Afr. Digest 14 July 3The first gold Krugerrand coin was struck at the South African Mint in Pretoria last week by the Minister of Finance, Dr. N. Diederichs...The Krugerrand is to be minted in limited numbers and is intended for overseas issue.
1971 Std Encycl. of Sn Afr. III. 313The Krugerrand, a gold coin of 32.7 mm diameter containing 1 troy oz. of fine gold.
1972 Evening Post 26 Aug. 8The recent sharp rise in the price of gold has made more people aware of the investment value of South Africa’s prestige gold coin, the Kruger rand.
[1974 E. Prov. Herald 2 Sept. 8A Kruger gold rand.]
1978 Financial Mail 9 June 805This year Intergold expects a surge of demand for Krugers in West Germany...A big upturn in Kruger sales is expected next year in Switzerland.
1978 Sunday Times 3 Feb. (Mag. Sect.) 3If an ex-stripper like Kathy K— had the nous to stock-pile Krugers, why didn’t a supposedly in-the-know journalist?
1982 Pretoria News 21 Sept. 21The Krugerrand lost R12 at R550, and the tenth R6 at R58, but the quarter held steady at R140. The half Kruger was untraded.
1985 E. Prov. Herald 11 Jan. 16Kruger sales down.
1985 Sunday Times 17 Nov. 28It was announced this week that the minting of Krugerrands had been suspended.
1987 Motorist 1st Quarter 11 (advt)A lifetime Investment in Solid Gold...Each piece of this unique collection is designed around a genuine 22 carat solid gold 1/10th Kruger rand.
1989 A. Hogg in Style Dec. 30Some years back, the authorities realised that the price of a full one-ounce Krugerrand was putting the investment out of people’s reach. So it gave the green light for the mintage of fractionals which carry, respectively, one tenth, a quarter and a half of an ounce of gold.
1992 You & Your Bank (Standard Bank) No.20, 6Five years ago, ordinary Krugerrands traded at R1140 and proof coins at a considerable premium. Today they trade at around R1000, proof coins at much the same price.
b. With defining word: mini-Krugerrand, any one of the fractional Krugerrands made available in 1980.
1982 E. Prov. Herald 1 May 5A new row over mini-Kruger rands broke in Parliament yesterday.
1982 O. Horwood in E. Prov. Herald 15 May 1The wholly unfounded and scandalous allegations..made..against me.., certain senior officers of the Chamber of Mines and the director of the South African Mint (who had far more to do with the launching of the mini Krugerrands in September 1980 than I had).
3. Elliptical for Kruger National Park, the largest South African game reserve, situated in the Eastern Transvaal.
1994 House & Leisure June 110The Kruger charges R160 for two sharing, accommodation only.
1994 Conserva Vol.9 No.3, 20 (heading)Make the most of Kruger.
the 10th of October, a public holiday commemorating the birthday of President Paul Kruger. Also attributive.
a coin of legal tender consisting of one ounce of gold, first minted in 1967 and bearing the portrait of Paul Kruger on the obverse side; any one of the fractional Krugerrands (see b). Also attributive.
any one of the fractional Krugerrands made available in 1980.
Elliptical for Kruger National Park, the largest South African game reserve, situated in the Eastern Transvaal.

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18891994