kreupelboom, noun

Forms:
Also kreuple boom, kreuppelboom.
Origin:
South African Dutch, DutchShow more South African Dutch, from Dutch kreupel cripple + boom tree; so named for the twisted appearance of the lower branches.
Either of two small trees of the Proteaceae: a. Leucospermum conocarpodendron; cripple-wood; kreupelhout; also called kreupelbos, pincushion. b. rare. The red-and-yellow bottlebrush Mimetes hirtus. Also attributive.
1796 C.R. Hopson tr. of C.P. Thunberg’s Trav. II. 112The Kreupelboom (Protea speciosa). The bark is used by tanners for dressing and tanning leather.
1806 Gleanings in Afr. (anon.) 31What the colonists call the Kreupel Boom, and seemingly adapted for no other use, is what they mostly cut down for this purpose (sc. firewood).
1822 W.J. Burchell Trav. I. 25An uncultivated plain extending to the foot of Table Mountain, and, in some parts, abounding in low scrubby trees of Kreupelboom, much used for fire-wood.
1848 C.J.F. Bunbury Jrnl of Res. at Cape of G.H. 57Kreupel boom, a large shrub or small tree, with greyish hairy leaves and compact heads of tawny yellow flowers.
1869 T. McGibbon in R. Noble Cape & its People 258Leucospermum conocarpum, (the kreupel boom) is plentiful in groups on the lower slopes.
1880 S.W. Silver & Co.’s Handbk to S. Afr. (3rd ed.) 127It covers extensive grounds..associating with the Kreupel-boom, the Sugar-bush and other shrubs.
1888 Castle Line Handbk & Emigrant’s Guide 62There are numbers of Cape plants which yield tannin, and some of them such as kreuppelboom, wagenboom, kliphout..are unequalled for tanning purposes.
1906 B. Stoneman Plants & their Ways 31Unfortunately for the tree, tannin is excellent for preserving leather also, and so the beautiful Protea cynaroides.., Leucospermum conocarpon (Kreuple boom) and Rhus lucida..are destroyed for this substance which was intended for their protection.
1957 L.G. Green Beyond City Lights 236The kreupelboom bark was used for dressing and tanning leather.
1966 C.A. Smith Common Names 311Kreupelboom, Leucospermum conocarpodendron. A small tree up to 10ft high, with showy golden-yellow heads of flowers...Mimetes hirta (Cape), see Red-and-Yellow Bottlebrush.
1991 Dict. of Horticulture (Dept of Nat. Educ.) 450Kreupelboom, (Mimetes hirtus,..): red-and-yellow bottlebrush.
Leucospermum conocarpodendron; cripple-wood; kreupelhout; also called kreupelbos, pincushion.
The red-and-yellow bottlebrush Mimetes hirtus. Also attributive.

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17961991