klimop, noun

Origin:
South African Dutch, DutchShow more South African Dutch, transferred use of Dutch klimop ivy, klim climb + op up.
1. Any of several species of Clematis of Ranunculaceae, especially C. brachiata.
1860 Harvey & Sonder Flora Capensis I. 2Clematis...One species is wild in England, and many are cultivated in gardens. The colonial name for the Cape species is ‘Klimop’.
1906 B. Stoneman Plants & their Ways 214Clematis, Flowers white or delicate green in definite clusters. No petals or honey secretion. Climbing by means of the sensitive perioles. ‘Klimop’ or ‘Traveller’s Joy.’
1913 C. Pettman Africanderisms 264Klimop,..The name is also given to the wild clematis.
1966 C.A. Smith Common Names 296Klimop,..All the species of Clematis have vine-like climbing stems...The vernacular name was first recorded for C. brachiata..but was in use about 1770, and is the original Nederlands name for the ‘ivy’.
1974 M.R. Levyns in Std Encycl. of Sn Afr. X. 617Traveller’s Joy, Klimop. (Clematis brachiata.) Climber belonging to the family Ranunculaceae.
1983 M.M. Kidd Cape Peninsula 62Clematis brachiata. Ranunculaceae. Klimop. Woody climber; rare in Constantia Valley.
2. Any of several species of creeping or climbing plants, especially species of Cynanchum (family Asclepiadaceae), all of which are poisonous to livestock, causing krimpsiekte; also called monkey-rope. Also attributive. See also Dawidjies sense b.
1893 Henning in D.G. Steyn Toxicology of Plants (1934) 347This stage..of krimpsiekte..endures a longer or shorter time depending upon the quantity of the Klimop eaten, and the individual susceptibility to the poison.
1904 Cape of G.H. Agric. Jrnl Oct. 399 (Pettman)Cattle and sheep when tied up at the Klimop..showed fifteen or thirty hours afterwards, the first symptoms of ‘krimp-ziekte’.
1905 D. Hutcheon in Flint & Gilchrist Science in S. Afr. 356Cynoctomum Capense or ‘Klimop’, This creeper grows plentifully in the Caledon and other of the South-Western districts of Cape Colony.
1917 R. Marloth Dict. of Common Names of Plants 49Klimop, This name (meaning ‘climber’) is in Holland used for the ivy. Here several other climbing plants bear this name, most frequently species of Cynanchum, e.g., C. africanum and C. capense, both twining herbs with milky juice, injurious to animals eating them.
1932 Watt & Breyer-Brandwijk Medicinal & Poisonous Plants 150Cynanchum africanum R. Br., Excelsior, Klimop, Bobbejaanstou, Dawidjies, is also toxic, and causes loss of stock...Cynanchum obtusifolium L.f., Klimop, is toxic to stock, producing..symptoms of gastro-enteritis.
1934 D.G. Steyn Toxicology of Plants 343Farmers refer to ‘cynanchosis’ as ‘klimop’ poisoning, ‘krampsiekte’ or ‘krimpsiekte’.
1966 C.A. Smith Common Names 296Klimop, A name rather loosely applied to many scandent or rambling species, so-called ‘creepers’..for example Cynanchum africanum; C. obtusifolium; C. ellipticum and C. natalitium...All the species have been reported as poisonous to stock.
1972 M.R. Levyns in Std Encycl. of Sn Afr. VI. 413Klimop, Bobbejaantou. Monkey-rope. (Cynanchum obtusifolium; C. africanum.) Common twiners of the family Asclepiadaceae, found in the bushes near the coast.
3. combination.
klimopgras /-xras/ [Afrikaans gras grass], see quotation 1966.
1966 C.A. Smith Common Names 296Klim(op)gras, Olyra latifolia..: A perennial grass, with culms up to 15 ft high and scrambling over other plants...Potamophila prehensilis...A perennial grass, up to several feet high...The vernacular name is in allusion to the climbing habit. Said to be a good fodder plant. Both species are found only in damp places in bush or woods.
Any of several species of Clematis of Ranunculaceae, especially C. brachiata.
Any of several species of creeping or climbing plants, especially species of Cynanchum (family Asclepiadaceae), all of which are poisonous to livestock, causing krimpsiekte; also called monkey-rope. Also attributive.
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