karper, noun

Forms:
Also carper.
Origin:
South African Dutch, DutchShow more South African Dutch, transferred use of Dutch karper carp.
obs. except in historical contexts
Either of two species of freshwater fish: 1. Cape kurper, see kurper sense 1. 2. Barbus burchellii of the Cyprinidae; also called yellowfish (sense a).
1823 W.W. Bird State of Cape of G.H. 160Few fish are found in the rivers, on the Cape side of the mountains, except small fish, called Karpers and springers, which are excellent, and eels.
1893 H.A. Bryden Gun & Camera 461The karper or carp (Rooivlerk karper, red-finned carp, of the Dutch colonists; Barbus [Pseudobarbatus] Burchellii of Dr. Andrew Smith, first identified, as its name implies, by the traveller Burchell, circa 1812) is a handsome little fish, not unlike a perch in shape.
1896 H.A. Bryden Tales of S. Afr. 18The pouch contained seven fresh fish — six smallish and carp-like, well known to the Boers as karpers.
1913 C. Pettman Africanderisms 253Karper, Spirobranchus capensis is known by this name among the Dutch.
1971 L.G. Green Taste of S.-Easter 185Joris van Spilbergen caught ‘carpers of excellent flavour’ at a river mouth in Table Bay early in the seventeenth century.
Cape kurper, see kurper1.
Barbus burchellii of the Cyprinidae; also called yellowfish (sense a).

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18231971