Afrikaans, South African Dutch, DutchShow more Afrikaans (earlier South African Dutch), from Dutch jakhals jackal + besje berry.
Either of two trees, or their fruit: a.The dense spreading tree Diospyros mespiliformis of the Ebenaceae, having small, greenish-white, fragrant flowers and oval, yellow fruit; Transvaal ebony, see Transvaal; also called wild apricot (sense (b) see wild sense a).b.The milkwood (sense (a) see milk sense 2), Sideroxylon inerme. Also attributive.
1854L. PappeSilva Capensis 22Sideroxylon inerme Lin. (Melkhoud)...The fruit (Jackalsbesjes) are edible.
1887S.W. Silver & Co.’s Handbk to S. Afr. 139Jackalsbesjies, which are edible, are the fruit of the Melkhout, Sideroxylon inerme, Lin., a tree common in the Cape, Swellendam, George, and Uitenhage districts.
1929J. Stevenson-HamiltonLow-Veld 37Perhaps the most striking..of the larger forest trees in the Low-Veld is the umtoma (Diospyros mespeliformis), called ‘jakals bessie’ by the Boers, and sometimes known as the Transvaal ebony tree.
1932Watt & Breyer-BrandwijkMedicinal & Poisonous Plants 137The Zulus take an infusion of the bark of Sideroxylon inerme L., White milkwood, Wit melkhout, Jakkals-bessie..to dispel bad dreams.
1949J. MockfordGolden Land 232I sat under the green canopy of a jakals-bessie, whose mighty trunk of Transvaal ebony had its roots in a far-spread anthill.
1961Palmer & PitmanTrees of S. Afr. 134The jakkalsbessie, a common and most striking tree of the lowveld, is found from Zululand and the Transvaal lowveld, northward to Abyssinia.
1963S. CloeteRags of Glory 377Here and there a giant tree, a baobab, jakkals-bessie, or fig, stood out.
1969T.H. EverettLiving Trees of World 285A fine African member of the genus [Diospyros] is the jakkalsbessie, West African ebony or Transvaal ebony (D. mespiliformis), which becomes 70 feet tall with a trunk diameter of 3 feet.
1972Palmer & PitmanTrees of Sn Afr.III. 1795The bar at Leydsdorp is made out of a solid piece of jakkalsbessie timber.
1988A. Hall-Martin et al.Kaokoveld 12The vegetation of the northeastern escarpment zone..contains many species of plants that are either endemic to the kaokoveld or representative of the eastern mesic flora. Among the latter categories are the baobab..jakkalsbessie [etc.].
1991Style Apr. 102‘Never camp under a fever tree,’ a fellow guest tells us. ‘Jakalsbessie is the best.’
The dense spreading tree Diospyros mespiliformis of the Ebenaceae, having small, greenish-white, fragrant flowers and oval, yellow fruit; Transvaal ebony, see Transvaal; also called wild apricot (sense (b) see wilda).
The milkwood (sense (a) see milk2), Sideroxylon inerme. Also attributive.
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