Hermitage, noun

Origin:
See quotation 1988.
obsolescent
A local name, especially formerly, for the Cinsault (or Cinsaut) grape. See also pinotage sense 1.
Note:
In the wine-making industry the name ‘Cinsaut’ has been used for this cultivar since 1973 (see quotation 1988).
c1911 S. Playne Cape Col. 202The vines..are chiefly Muscatel, Haanepoort, and Pontac, Green Grape and Hermitage.
1972 A.G. Bagnall Wines of S. Afr. 64A ‘Pinotage’ grape which is nothing more or less than a cross between the Hermitage and the Pinot.
1979 C. Pama Wine Estates of S. Afr. p.xiPinotage (red, 2,9%) South Africa’s own red wine, derived from a cross-pollination of a hybrid of the Pinôt Noir and the Hermitage (Cinsault).
1981 J. Doxat Indispensable Drinks Bk 52Pinotage is the most common red wine grape, a Cape speciality, a cross between Pinot Noir and the Cinsaut of the Rhône, sometimes confusingly known as Hermitage — hence the name.
1988 D. Hughes et al. Complete Bk of S. Afr. Wine 106The Cinsault cultivar (previously known in South Africa as Hermitage) originated in France, in the vineyards around the small town of Tain-l’Hermitage on the banks of the Rhône...First introduced here in the 1850’s, it was generally known within the industry as Hermitage...Professor Perold..identified Cinsaut and Hermitage as being one and the same...Hermitage was used up to the introduction of the Wine of Origin legislation in 1973.
1992 P. Devereux in Sunday Times 29 Mar. (Mag. Sect.) 6Pinotage..was invented here in 1925 by crossing two red grapes, Pinot Noir and Hermitage (Hermitage is today correctly called Cinsaut).
A local name, especially formerly, for the Cinsault (or Cinsaut) grape.

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19111992