DSAE test file

ghomma, goema, noun

Forms:
ghoema, ghoomaShow more Also ghoema, ghooma, gomma, gooma, guma, and with initial capital.
Origin:
Afrikaans, Malay, Show more Afrikaans ghomma, ghoema probably from a dialectal Malay word related to gong gong (see quotation 1953); cf. English gum-gum iron bowl used as a drum. The word’s similarity to Xhosa and Zulu ingoma (see quotation 1939) is probably coincidental.
Music
1. A single-headed drum much used in the traditional music of the Cape Malay people. Also attributive, and combination (objective) gomma-player (see quotation 1944). See also ghommaliedjie.
1934 C.P. Swart Supplement to Pettman. 60One of the..accompanying instruments..is a gomma or small drum.
1993 D. Keen in Weekend Argus 2 Jan. 1It’s carnival time in Cape Town! The city is reverberating to the beat of Ghoema drums.
2. transferred sense. Also goema-goema. klopse sense 2; latterly, a musical style blending klopse with jazz and rock music. Also attributive.
Note:
The more recent style of ‘goema’ was popularized in the 1980s by ‘The Genuines’ and is exemplified in this group’s early songs and performances.
1980 D.B. Coplan Urbanization of African Performing Arts. 290Early Coloured dance bands in Johannesburg varied greatly in background and formal training...For Coloured-African stokfel parties and public dances, they performed music of Cape Coloured social dances, for example, vastrap, tickey draai, set-part, guma, and squares.
1993 Business Day 15 June 8From traditional Zulu lullabies to Sarie Marais, from the ’50s hit musical King Kong to Cape Malay goema,..rhythms and melodies that have shaped this country’s immensely rich cultural heritage.
A single-headed drum much used in the traditional music of the Cape Malay people. Also attributive, and combination (objective) gomma-player (see quotation 1944).
klopse2; latterly, a musical style blending klopse with jazz and rock music. Also attributive.

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19341993