South African DutchShow more Translation of South African Dutch galziekte, see galsiekte.
1.Pathology. Any of several diseases of livestock, and particularly of cattle: a.Anaplasmosis, a disease caused by the parasites Anaplasma marginale and A. centrale and transmitted by ticks (especially the blue tick); galsiekte sense 1 a; also with defining word, true gallsickness.b.Any of several conditions of the digestive tract: see dry gallsickness, impaction gallsickness, wet gallsickness, all at sense 2 b below. In both senses also called gallsick (sense a). Also attributive.
In the past there existed some confusion as to the nature and causes of these disorders and diseases, but nowadays ‘(true) gallsickness’ is used only of anaplasmosis; ‘dry’, ‘impaction’ or ‘wet gallsickness’ is used only of digestive tract disorders in ruminants.
1862T. Shone Diary. 29 JuneA Goat died of gall sickness, belonging to T. Knight.
1875J. NobleDescrip. Handbk of Cape Col. 259The ‘gal zeickte’ or gall sickness is also a common disease, and the chief barrier to rearing and grazing of sheep in the Zuurveldt.
c1881A. DouglassOstrich Farming 205Gall-sickness is..purely a disease of the liver and of the digestive organs, and is..in no way infectious.
1896R. WallaceFarming Indust. of Cape Col. 288Gall-sickness is a term indiscriminately applied by farmers to derangements of the liver, brought about by many exciting causes — rich food, little exercise, and hot weather being three of the most common.
1911E. Prov. Herald 10 Oct.One of the diseases which had been under notice for a long time, and which he had only been able to trace to ticks about a year ago, was also commonly known as gall sickness.
1914Farmer’s Annual 126Gall-sickness, or Bovine Anaplasmosis, is a disease of the blood caused by the parasite known as Anaplasma Marginale.
1914Farmer’s Annual 214Gallsickness (anaplasmosis) is a tick-borne disease, and can be inoculated against. It almost always accompanies redwater, another tick-borne disease.
1916Farmer’s Weekly 20 Dec. 1451 (advt)Steven’s Gallsickness Powders for Cattle and Sheep, 5s. per packet, post free.
c1929Diseases & Pests Affecting Sheep & Goats (Cooper & Nephews) 27Indigestion (So-called ‘Gall-Sickness’). This is a derangement or disease of the digestive organs of ruminants — from simple indigestion and constipation..to acute congestion of the liver and other internal organs.
2.Pathology With distinguishing epithet, designating any of several disorders affecting the digestive tract of livestock:
black-gallsicknessobsolete, any disorder or disease which leads to the discoloration of the bile of the affected animal, particularly the often fatal sickness caused by poisoning due to eating species of Homeria and Moraea (see tulp); gallsick sense b;
dry gallsickness (also called droë-geilsiekte, see geilsiekte sense 2), or impaction gallsickness, constipation or blockage in ruminants caused either by eating too much dry fodder, or by infectious diseases accompanied by fever which prevent digestion and may paralyze any of the stomachs;
1905D. Hutcheon inFlint & GilchristScience in S. Afr. 354A large admixture of mucous and other cellular elements along with the bile..causes the latter often to present the appearance and consistency of Stockholm tar, which has given rise to the name of ‘Black-gallsickness’.
1913C. PettmanAfricanderisms 62Black-gallsickness, A form of sickness among cattle induced by eating Tulp.
1957Handbk for Farmers (Dept of Agric.)III. 460The term ‘dry gallsickness’ merely indicates a stoppage of the alimentary tract of cattle.
1970Vet. Products Handbk (I.C.I. Pharmaceuticals) 42Dry gallsickness,..a nutritional disorder with the symptoms of chronic constipation.
1971Farmer’s Weekly 12 May 40Treat cattle with dry gallsickness with Agricura Gall-Sickness Remedy and Nupurgon.
1976Mönnig & VeldmanHandbk on Stock Diseases 285Should these [rumination] movements stop for some reason or other, a condition follows that can be described as and includes any of the following: dry gallsickness, impaction gallsickness, impaction or paralysis of the fore-stomachs.
1976Mönnig & VeldmanHandbk on Stock Diseases 287The following measures assist in preventing dry gallsickness: 1) Provide a liberal supply of drinking water. 2) Dry food, e.g. hay, can be moistened with diluted molasses.
1970Vet. Products Handbk (I.C.I. Pharmaceuticals) 42Wet gallsickness..is actually gastro-enteritis caused through nutritional disorders, and must not be confused with parasitic gastro-enteritis.
1976Mönnig & VeldmanHandbk on Stock Diseases 287The condition (sc. dry gallsickness) is sometimes accompanied by purging. Such cases are spoken of as wet gallsickness.
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