DSAE test file

frontline, adjective

Forms:
Also with initial capital.
Origin:
EnglishShow more Special senses of general English frontline, of or pertaining to the most advanced line or military unit of an army.
1. In the phrase frontline state: any African country sharing a border with South Africa; in historical contexts, any African country actively supporting liberation movements in their struggle to bring majority rule to South Africa. Frequently in the plural, these states collectively.
Note:
Also in general English use. The frontline states include Tanzania, Zambia, Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe.
[1964 J. Nyerere in Freedom & Unity (1967) 288For Africa, Tanganyika is a ‘border-state’...We have many Freedom Fighters from Mozambique and South Africa organizing their affairs in this country.]
1994 M. Elliott in Newsweek 7 Nov. 15Nelson Mandela’s government is determined to work with the former ‘frontline states’ on regional questions.
2. Of or pertaining to the frontline states.
1978 Afr. Research Bulletin 1 June (Political, Cultural & Social Series) 4900SWAPO..told a front-line Heads of State meeting..that it would intensify armed struggle against South Africa’s occupation of Namibia.
1990 Sunday Times 14 Jan. 16Robert Mugabe, still speaking in the anti-South African jargon of the 80s, is audibly out of step with his Frontline neighbours.
any African country sharing a border with South Africa; in historical contexts, any African country actively supporting liberation movements in their struggle to bring majority rule to South Africa. Frequently in the plural, these states collectively.
Of or pertaining to the frontline states.
Derivatives:
Hence Frontliner noun, a frontline state.
1986 E. Prov. Herald 24 Sept. 1Beira plan no solution for Frontliners.

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19641994

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