EnglishShow more Special senses of general English frontline, of or pertaining to the most advanced line or military unit of an army.
1.In the phrase frontline state:any African country sharing a border with South Africa; in historical contexts, any African country actively supporting liberation movements in their struggle to bring majority rule to South Africa. Frequently in the plural, these states collectively.
Also in general English use. The frontline states include Tanzania, Zambia, Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe.
[1964J. Nyerere inFreedom & Unity (1967) 288For Africa, Tanganyika is a ‘border-state’...We have many Freedom Fighters from Mozambique and South Africa organizing their affairs in this country.]
1976K. Kaunda inAfr. Research Bulletin 1 Apr. (Political, Cultural & Social Series) 4002The strength of the front line states is paramount, and Africa must..strengthen these states..in the heroic struggle against racist oppression and exploitation.
1980Lye & MurrayTransformations 87Though Botswana has remained dependent upon South Africa economically..it has also taken an active role as a ‘Front Line State’ in the negotiations over the settlement of the Zimbabwe/Rhodesia and South West Africa/Namibia issues.
1984Daily Dispatch 10 Mar. 1Invitations to..leaders of the other front line states..have been issued by President Machel.
1986Star 26 Sept. 2Commonwealth Finance Ministers have ended a two-day meeting..with a plea for R11,8 billion in international aid for the black African Frontline states hit by what they called South African aggression.
1987New Nation 12 Dec. 8Pretoria is trying to use every method in the book to destabilise the ‘Frontline states’.
1988Leaflet (Progressive Federal Party)The ANC has over 10 000 guerillas under arms in the front line states.
1988Williams & HacklandDict. of Contemp. Politics of Sn Afr. 99The ‘frontline’ states..regard themselves as in the ‘frontline’ of the struggle against apartheid and white minority rule.
1990Weekly Mail 21 Dec. (Suppl.) 15The mass slaughter of civilians continued despite negotiations on both Mozambique and Angola, and crossborder violence against other frontline states..likewise heated up.
1990S. SmithFront Line Afr.p.viiThe ‘Front Line States’..have formed an alliance to fight apartheid and white minority rule in South Africa. They are formally constituted as a group led by one of the Presidents, and they meet regularly to coordinate their policies.
1994M. Elliott inNewsweek 7 Nov. 15Nelson Mandela’s government is determined to work with the former ‘frontline states’ on regional questions.
1978Afr. Research Bulletin 1 June (Political, Cultural & Social Series) 4900SWAPO..told a front-line Heads of State meeting..that it would intensify armed struggle against South Africa’s occupation of Namibia.
any African country sharing a border with South Africa; in historical contexts, any African country actively supporting liberation movements in their struggle to bring majority rule to South Africa. Frequently in the plural, these states collectively.
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