DSAE test file

formal, adjective

Origin:
EnglishShow more Special senses of general English formal according to recognized forms or rules.
1. Of economic and business activity:
a. Structured according to established (Western) standards and operating within conventional parameters (such as city by-laws, commercial regulations, and taxation). Cf. informal sense 1 b.
1989 C. Naidoo in Sunday Times 8 Oct. (Business Times) 3The formal economy cannot provide work for everyone. Spazas will grow in the years ahead, even more as the economy is derestricted.
1991 Bulletin (Centre for Science Dev.) Mar. 6The more successful informal operators had access to the formal wage of a family member.
b. In the special collocation formal sector, the conventional, established business sector. Cf. informal sector, see informal sense 1 a.
1990 R. Rumney in Weekly Mail 2 Nov. 46There are 66000 spaza shops in formal metropolitan areas — or one out of every 40 households accommodates a spaza...A leading shoepolish manufacturer has come up with a Spaza Shop Pack in which up to three sizes of shoe polish tins are offered...It shows how seriously the formal sector is beginning to take the informal sector.
2. Of buildings: solidly constructed, meeting conventional (Western) standards. Cf. informal sense 2 b.
1989 Optima Vol.37 No.1, 19The nature of their shack (corrugated iron, breeze-block, lean-to against a formal house)...Throughout the country formal black residential areas are overcrowded and further population growth..will have to be accommodated mainly in free standing informal settlements.
1994 [see informal sense 2 b].
Structured according to established (Western) standards and operating within conventional parameters (such as city by-laws, commercial regulations, and taxation).
the conventional, established business sector.
solidly constructed, meeting conventional (Western) standards.

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19891991