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difaqane, noun

Also lifaqane, and with initial capital.
Southern SothoShow more Southern Sotho difaqane, lifaqane (both being pronounced /di-/, the initial di- and li- reflecting the orthographic systems of South Africa and Lesotho respectively), migratory troop of warriors; period of disaster caused by war.
Mfecane. Also attributive.
[1846 J.C. Brown tr. of T. Arbousset’s Narr. of Explor. Tour to N.-E. of Col. 134The Bechuanas more generally call them (sc. the Zulu)Bakoni, and sometimes they give them the nickname of Lifakani, that is to say, those who hew down, or cut their enemies in pieces with the chake, their formidable battle axe.]
1990 R. Stengel January Sun 38In the nineteenth century, the Tswana were buffeted by the Difaqane,..a series of bloody conflicts among the black tribes in central South Africa.
Mfecane. Also attributive.

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