DSAE test file

compound, noun

Origin:
English, Indian English, Malay, Dutch, Portuguese, French, Show more Special sense of general English compound ‘the enclosure within which a residence or factory (of Europeans) stands, in India, China, and the East generally’ (OED). The ultimate etymology is disputed: originally Indian English, probably adaptation of Malay kampong, kampung enclosure, village (Dutch orthography kampoeng). Earlier theories were that the word was an adaptation of Portuguese campanha or French campagne country, or of Portuguese campo field, camp.
1. A (fenced or walled area enclosing) single-sex living quarters in which migrant labourers, usually miners, live for the duration of their contracts. Cf. hostel sense 1 b. Also attributive.
1886 G.A. Farini Through Kalahari Desert 28He..goes to seek for some Kaffir friends of his at the mines, and finds his way into a compound. Arrested for being there without permission,..he..eventually gravitates to the prison.
1991 Sunday Times 10 Nov. 28We tend to prefer the pleasure of word games to the pain of acknowledging what a century of neglect has done to our urban African population, the same conniving mentality that transforms locations into ‘townships’, compounds into ‘hostels’, and shebeens into ‘taverns’.
2. combinations Mining.
compound manager, the official supervisor of a mine compound;
compound system, the system of housing and controlling migrant labourers in especially constructed, enclosed living quarters.
1892 J.E. Ritchie Brighter S. Afr. 209He commenced a new career as compound-manager for the great diamond company at Kimberley known as De Beers.
1989 Reader’s Digest Illust. Hist. of S. Afr. 357The AMWU called for regular wage increases..and the total abolition of the compound system.
A (fenced or walled area enclosing) single-sex living quarters in which migrant labourers, usually miners, live for the duration of their contracts.
Derivatives:
Hence compound transitive verb rare, to confine to a compound; compounded participial adjective; compounding verbal noun.
1892 The Jrnl 6 Sept. 2We suppose..that nothing short of compounding the natives will prevent the drunkenness and violence that are now so scandalously rife.
1989 Reader’s Digest Illust. Hist. of S. Afr. 175The ‘solution’ they hit upon was to house Africans in barracks, or closed compounds...Many shopkeepers objected, saying that this deprived them of legitimate custom. Rhodes..pressed on, placating the Chamber of Commerce with assurances that the mining companies would buy all that they required for the compounded Africans from the Griqualand West dealers only.

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18861991