colour bar, noun phrase

Also with initial capitals.
U.S. EnglishShow more Special sense of U.S. English colour bar the legal, social and political distinction between white and black people.
The practice or policy of excluding black people from skilled jobs, first entrenched in the Mines and Works Act, No.12 of 1911. Cf. job reservation. Also attributive.
Used also in the general English sense.
1926 M. Nathan S. Afr. from Within 183The mines now employed coloured men on engine-driving, which was one of the occupations forbidden by the colour-bar regulation.
1936 F.S. Malan in Cambridge Hist. of Brit. Empire VIII. 659The expression ‘colour bar’ as used in the Union means the exclusion of the natives from any skilled or semi-skilled work.
1941 R. Roamer in Bantu World 25 Jan. 4In Xhosa and Sutho it urged us to ‘come in our thousands and fight the Pass and Tax Laws, Pick-up vans, Colour Bar, Low wages and discriminating laws’.
1955 A. Delius Young Trav. in S. Afr. 52You must remember that the Bantu workers don’t get much in the way of wages and there are many kinds of work which they are not allowed to do, mainly the higher-paid jobs. That is part of what is known as the ‘Colour Bar’.
1960 Cape Times 1 Aug. 24The sedulous deference to victims of economic and social inadequacy has brought about the whole apparatus of the industrial colour-bar and job reservation.
1964 O.D. Schreiner Nettle 37A major effect of the colour bar is to keep the wages of Non-whites depressed.
1971 Rand Daily Mail 31 May 12The industrial colour bar puts a brake on industry and affects the prosperity of all races in the republic.
1986 Kallaway & Pearson Johannesburg 90Workers conflict with owners regarding their rightful share to profits, but because the situation was ‘colonial’ — and therefore racially divided — workers were equally in conflict with one another over the issue and nature of the ‘colour bar’ in industry.
1989 Reader’s Digest Illust. Hist. of S. Afr. 306The colour bar itself operated on three tiers. The first was the legal tier established by the Mines and Works Act of 1911.
1992 V.L. Allen in Guardian Weekly 10 July 2To the outside world, de Klerk’s reforms were breathtaking but to blacks they were merely legal acknowledgements of changes already present. The legal colour bar had been abolished in 1988, the pass laws to prevent the urbanisation of blacks were a dead letter.
The practice or policy of excluding black people from skilled jobs, first entrenched in the Mines and Works Act, No.12 of 1911.

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