1.Special collocation: Christian National Education [translation of Afrikaans Christelik-Nasionale Onderwys, see C.N.O.],an educational philosophy grounded upon, and promoting, the religious and cultural beliefs of the Afrikaner people; C.N.E.; C.N.O. Also attributive.
Initiated in the 1870s in response to Lord Alfred Milner’s policy of anglicization after the Boer War; re-introduced by the National Party government in the 1950s.
1941C.W. De KiewietHist. of S. Afr. 147Against the superior teachers, the better equipment, and the financial strength of the government schools the Dutch ‘Christian National Education’ schools could not prevail.
1950H. GibbsTwilight in S. Afr. 78Nationalist-Calvinist-Afrikaners..believe, as shown in their policy of Christian-National Education.., that since the fall of Man all children are born in a state of sin. Particularly Natives.
1956M. RogersBlack Sash 230Nationalist organisers were forming a committee which produced a Christian Nationalist Education policy.
1971Rand Daily Mail 28 Aug. 10They recoil, too, when Nationalist jingoism asserts itself..when it forces Black children and English children and Coloured children to be educated according to the principles of Christian National Education.
1986B. Nasson inBurman & ReynoldsGrowing Up 95South Africa’s segregated schooling networks (Bantu Education, Christian National Education, Coloured Teaching and Education).
1990SashVol.33No.1, 31The Home and School Council.., an amalgamation of Parent Teacher Associations in Johannesburg, arose out of a concern with the enforcement of Christian National Education and its witch hunts to ensure that Afrikaans children were not attending English language medium schools and vice versa.
2.Of or pertaining to an ideology or world view based on (the pre-eminence of) the religion, culture, and language of the Afrikaner people.
c1949Currey & SnellThreat to Freedom (Standing Committee of Assoc. Church Schools of S. Afr.) 5For all children having Afrikaans as their mother-tongue, and for all Coloured and Native schools, it is explicitly laid down that the education supplied must be based on a Christian-National foundation.
1952B. DavidsonReport on Sn Afr. 158The ‘Afrikanerization’ of public life and education ‘in the Christian National sense’.
1956M. RogersBlack Sash 140Christian-National Republicanism..[was] set out by Dr Otto du Plessis of the State Information Office, in 1940.
1972Sunday Times 24 Sept. 17Some Broederbond members wanted a ‘Christian-national’ republic in which Afrikaners would be the avowed elite.
1973E. Prov. Herald 6 July 7The establishment of a prize for publication with Christian national principles as basic themes.
1985Platzky & WalkerSurplus People 95When they took office, the apartheid manifesto of the Nationalists consisted of little more than a broad set of principles: white supremacy, racial segregation, a Christian National state.
1989J. HobbsThoughts in Makeshift Mortuary 207They were equally submissive in school, never questioning the word of authority which came tightly laced in Christian National corsets.
1994NoseweekNo.10, 10Apparently, that is all regarded as acceptable banking and accounting practice in Christian Nationalist circles.
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