EnglishShow more Special sense of general English canteen a shop in a military camp or garrison town which sells provisions and liquor to the soldiers.
obs. except in historical contexts
a.A liquor shop; a public house. Also attributive.
1809Earl of Caledon inG.M. ThealRec. of Cape Col. (1900) VI. 490I venture to recommend that a salary of 1,000 Rix Drs. pr. annum should be attached to his (sc. the Town Major’s) Office;..this..being the salary which was attached to the Superintendance of Canteens, an appointment formerly held by that of Town Major.
1828G. Barker Journal. 6 MayAttended the court against a Canteen man, or retailer of Spiritous liquors, for retailing spirits contrary to Law and illicit traffic.
1835G. ChampionJrnl (1968) 19Now & then companies pass by apparently just from the canteen (grog shop)..singing & shouting, cursing & swearing.
1846Natal Witness 10 Apr.Can D’Urban continue to exist with its present number of canteens, — and how many have died within the last three months of delirium tremens?
1852C. BarterDorp & Veld 9 (Pettman)The inns sadly need reformation — they are in fact little better than canteens.
1862Lady Duff-Gordon inF. GaltonVacation Tourists (1864) III. 155The so-called Hottentots are earning 2s. 6d. a day, with rations and wine. But all the money goes to the ‘canteen’ in drink.
1872C.A. PaytonDiamond Diggings 130Small establishments for the retailing of liquors, not giving board and lodging, are called ‘canteens,’ and they are legion; for any man with fifty pounds in his pocket can start a canteen, if only on a very small scale.
1897J.P. FitzpatrickOutspan 188The canvas canteens were crowded, and the bare spaces around them were strewn with empty bottles and victims of injudicious zeal.
1910E. Prov. Herald 16 Apr.The report of the Transvaal Liquor Commission which will shortly be laid before Parliament recommends the establishment of Government Canteens for the sale of kaffir beer to natives.
1918Cape Argus inJ. Crwys-WilliamsS. Afr. Despatches (1989) 221Representatives of the local licensed victuallers,..in the interest of combating the epidemic, consented to close all bars, canteens and bottle stores for the supply of liquor..until November 1.
1952H. KleinLand of Silver Mist 122A camp was established. Corrugated iron buildings sprang up. Canteens and gambling dens dotted the veld.
1962A.P. CartwrightGold Miners 55He..had shared drinks with Harrison and Walker in Koos Malan’s primitive canteen.
1962A.P. CartwrightGold Miners 76There were the same heavily loaded wagons pulled by teams of gaunt oxen,..the same canteens set up in tents to sell Cape brandy and Nellmapius’s ‘Hatherley’ gin.
1983Sunday Times 4 Sept. (Mag. Sect.) 22By 1895 there were 1 000 canteens between Krugersdorp and Nigel. Drunkenness was common and led to murders, faction fights and deaths from alcoholic poisoning.
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