Bunga, noun

Forms:
Also with small initial.
Origin:
XhosaShow more From Xhosa ibhunga private consultation, council of a chief.
1. In historical contexts. Any of several councils of chiefs constituted in 1895 for the administration of various districts in the eastern regions of the Cape.
Note:
The Glen Grey Act (Act 25 of 1894) provided for local government structures in the form of district councils.
1906 G. Callaway in E. & W. Mag. (India) 425The annual meeting of the ‘Bunga,’ or representative council for certain native districts, is held.
1912 E. London Dispatch 2 May 4 (Pettman)The Bunga has jurisdiction over an area fifty per cent larger than Basutoland and containing three times as many inhabitants.
1952 Drum Apr. 9The All African Convention..insisted that its members should have no truck with things like local councils, location advisory boards, Native representative councils and bungas.
1970 Daily Dispatch 16 Mar. 11The Bungas..were ‘dummy’ institutions created for the ‘enslavement of the Africans’, the Minister of Justice in the Transkei, Chief George Matanzima said.
2.
a. In historical contexts. The General Council, and subsequently the Parliament, of the Transkei. Also attributive. See also National Assembly.
c1911 B.H. Dodd in S. Playne Cape Col. 653The local government of the Territories is in the hands (under the Union Parliament) of a body known as the Transkeian General Council, or ‘Bunga’.
c1936 S. & E. Afr. Yr Bk & Guide 656A measure of self-government has been accorded to the natives in the form of a General Council called the ‘Bunga’, with which has been amalgamated since January, 1931, the Pondoland Council.
1941 C.W. De Kiewiet Hist. of S. Afr. 199The Bunga or Transkeian General Council of 1895 was to be the forerunner of a greater measure of native self-government so that the benefits of Victorian liberalism should be bestowed on her Majesty’s black subjects as well.
1955 A. Delius Young Trav. in S. Afr. 137The fair-sized stone building of the Bunga, the United Transkeian General Council.
1964 M. Benson Afr. Patriots 104He (sc. Oliver Tambo) passed his Junior Certificate with a first class, and as a result the Bunga, the Transkei Tribal Council which normally only provided scholarships for sons of important people, gave him a scholarship not only to finish at St. Peter’s, but to go on to Fort Hare College.
1981 Sunday Times 16 Aug. 8A former member of the old Transkei Bunga (parliament), Mr Mbeki senior was ANC leader in the Eastern Cape.
1986 P. Maylam Hist. of Afr. People 164The Bunga’s members consisted of the twenty-six district magistrates, three paramount chiefs, and three representatives from each district council.
1987 Drum Dec. 22My father as Paramount Chief of east Pondoland was deep in Bunga politics.
1990 E. Prov. Herald 18 Jan. 8When Verwoerd wished to implement the Bantu Authorities Act in 1955, he knew that he had to make a breakthrough with the Transkeian Bunga, he had to convince the Transkeian Bunga.
b. The Transkeian parliament house in Umtata.
1931 Nat. Geog. Mag. Apr. 412It is truly the Transkeian natives’ own homeland, as witness Umtata’s bunga, or Parliament House.
1969 I. Vaughan Last of Sunlit Yrs 142I had been to the Bunga, the native Parliament, where, under the guidance of European Magistrates, each of whom was responsible for a portion of the Large Native Reserve, the Bantu Councillors met in debate.
1975 Sunday Times 7 Dec. 21The brave new flag of Africa’s youngest independent Black state will fly from the Bunga in Umtata next year.
Any of several councils of chiefs constituted in 1895 for the administration of various districts in the eastern regions of the Cape.
The General Council, and subsequently the Parliament, of the Transkei. Also attributive.
The Transkeian parliament house in Umtata.
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