Batlhaping, noun

Forms:
α. Batlhapings, BachapinShow more (plural unchanged, or Batlhapings) Bachapin, Batclapi, Bathlaping, Batlapee, Batlapeng, Batlapi, Batlapii, Batlapin, Batlaping, Batlhaping, Battopeen;
β. (plural only) Matchappees, Matchlhapee;
γ. (plural unchanged) Thlaping, Tlhaping.
Plurals:
usually unchanged, or Batlhapings.
Origin:
seTswanaShow more seTswana baTlhaping, plural noun prefix ba- (rarely ma- prefix2) + tlapi fish + locative suffix -eng, -ng; this can be literally interpreted as ‘they of the (place of the) fish’. For notes on singular and plural forms, see ba-.
A member of a Tswana people, living mainly in the Northern Cape, who have a fish as their totem; Briqua. See also Tswana sense 2 a. Also attributive.
Note:
The unprefixed form ‘Tlhaping’ is used mainly in modern academic contexts: see γ quotations.
α.
1822 W.J. Burchell Trav. I. 364By barter for beads and tobacco they annually obtain from the Bachapins (called Briquas or Goat men in the Hottentot language) a number of oxen.
1833 Graham’s Town Jrnl 16 May 2The chief Mahura, of the Batlapiis is exceedingly afraid of him.
1835 A. Smith Diary (1940) II. 34A native visited our encampment. He was a Batlapi and lived at a kraal not far distant.
1839 W.C. Harris Wild Sports 63The scattered inhabitants of this part of the country are the remnants of various Bechuana tribes..and consist principally of the Barolong, Wangkets, Batlapi and Baharootzi.
1857 D. Livingstone Missionary Trav. 13The different Bechuana tribes are named after certain animals...The term Bakatla means ‘they of the monkey’; Bakuena, ‘they of the alligator’; Batlapi, ‘they of the fish’; each tribe having a superstitious dread of the animal after which it is called.
1871 J. Mackenzie Ten Yrs N. of Orange River 58The Batlaping tribe had been broken up, and were scattered over the country under ‘head-men’; the power of the supreme chief being considerably in abeyance.
1887 J.W. Matthews Incwadi Yami 257A region which, if it had not been for the wonderful discovery of diamonds, would yet have been the home of the half-caste Griqua, the indolent Batlapin, the marauding Koranna, the pigmy Bushman or the pioneer Boer.
1931 G. Beet Grand Old Days 35Chief Jantje, of the Batlapins, was also a cause of great vexation to the early diggers.
1971 Rand Daily Mail 6 Mar. 11Strong resistance by members of the Batlhaping tribe at Majeng, near Taung, against being moved by the Department of Bantu Administration and Development from land it has occupied for the past 62 years.
1976 B. Roberts Kimberley 61The Keate Award..gave the Barolong and BaThlaping tribes certain land.
1990 Sunday Times 27 May (Mag. Sect.) 6The Batlaping tribe, who were moved (with their livestock) from the area..now want to return.
β.
1827 G. Thompson Trav. 80The marauding horde of strange people, who were now plundering and destroying the Bechuana tribes to the northward..were fast approaching the country of the Matchlhapee tribe.
1827 G. Thompson Trav. 85Campbell calls them Matchappees, and Burchell Batchapins.
γ.
1970 M. Wilson 1000 Yrs before Van RiebeeckThe Tlhaping traded metal, and the expedition of 1801 was disconcerted to find that Tlhaping knives were preferred to the trade knives offered.
1975 Std Encycl. of Sn Afr. II. 106Tswana is..spoken..by various tribes, among which are the Rolong, Thlaping, Ngwaketse, Ngwato, Kwena and Kgatla.
1980 Lye & Murray Transformations 41The most southerly-placed Tswana, the Tlhaping...The Kora named these Tlhaping ‘Briqua’, Goat People.
1986 P. Maylam Hist. of Afr. People 126The Tlhaping had lost vast areas of land through the 1884 London Convention and the 1886 Land Commission.
A member of a Tswana people, living mainly in the Northern Cape, who have a fish as their totem; Briqua. See also Tswana2 a. Also attributive.

Visualise Quotations

Quotation summary

Senses

18221990