Briqua, noun

Forms:
Bericqua, BrequaShow more Also Bericqua, Brequa, Brigua, Brikwa.
Plurals:
Briquas, unchanged, or (rarely) Amabriquas.
Origin:
KhoikhoiShow more Etymology unknown; perhaps from Khoikhoi birikwa goat-men, see quotation 1857.
obs. except in historical contexts
Batlhaping. Also attributive.
1790 W. Paterson Narr. of Four Journeys 121Colonel Gordon..intended to direct his course to the eastward in search of a nation, called Brequas, of the Caffer tribe.
1801 W. Somerville Narr. of E. Cape Frontier (1979) 107Another range not very lofty seen E and West thro’ which we penetrated into the Country of the Briquas.
1818 Lord C. Somerset in G.M. Theal Rec. of Cape Col. (1899) XII. 112Those tribes the Boshuanas, Ghonas, and Briquas, who hitherto have been very peaceable towards the Colonists.
1822 W.J. Burchell Trav. I. 423His father was a Briqua (or Bachapin).
1833 Graham’s Town Jrnl 25 Apr. 2Four of our people returned from Tamboekie land, bringing the news that the Tamboekies had been attacked by a party of people, called Amabriquas.
1857 D. Livingstone Missionary Trav. 201The different Hottentot tribes were known by names terminating in kua, which means, ‘man’, and the Bechuanas simply added the prefix Ma- denoting ‘a nation’: they themselves were first known as Briquas or ‘goat-men’.
1861 P.B. Borcherds Auto-Biog. Mem. 73As we were approaching the Beriqua, now better known as the Boshuanah or Beetchuanah country, it was desirable that interpreters should be obtained.
1980 Lye & Murray Transformations 41The most southerly-placed Tswana, the Tlhaping...The Kora named these Tlhaping ‘Briqua’, Goat People.
Batlhaping. Also attributive.

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