Black Consciousness, noun phrase

Forms:
Also with small initials.
1. A political ideology which defines as ‘black people’ all those who have been disadvantaged under apartheid, and which urges them to be strongly aware of their common experience of racially-based oppression, thus developing political solidarity, formulating ideas, and taking action independently (especially of the ideas and actions of whites, whether sympathetic or not); BC. Also attributive.
Note:
‘Black Consciousness’ emerged in the late 1960s among black university students who were dissatisfied with the attitudes of their white liberal colleagues in student organizations. It rejects all white political initiatives as inevitably slanted, criticizes the African National Congress and the South African Communist Party for the class basis to their ideologies, and differs from Africanism in not reserving the label ‘black’ for people of the Sintu language-groups and in not insisting on Africanization as a primary aim for post-apartheid South Africa. See also black noun sense 1 c, and black adjective sense 3.
1972 Daily Dispatch 26 July 14We fear the Nationalists still do not perceive the full significance of the new black consciousness.
1991 F.G. Butler Local Habitation 188Alfred Stubbs, a charming, elongated Etonian devoted to the cause of black consciousness, and a great admirer of its leader, Steve Biko.
2. combination
Black Consciousness Movement, a collective name for those organizations subscribing to the principles of Black Consciousness; the actions of these groups, especially those aimed at increasing the support given to Black Consciousness; BCM. See also BPC.
1977 Daily Dispatch 3 Aug. 9The identification of the committee with the black consciousness movement was..referred to in an article yesterday in Die Transvaler.
1991 E. Prov. Herald 17 May 5Mr Pityana was a leading figure in the Black Consciousness movement in the late 60s and 70s..a co-leader with the late Steve Biko.
A political ideology which defines as ‘black people’ all those who have been disadvantaged under apartheid, and which urges them to be strongly aware of their common experience of racially-based oppression, thus developing political solidarity, formulating ideas, and taking action independently (especially of the ideas and actions of whites, whether sympathetic or not); BC. Also attributive.
a collective name for those organizations subscribing to the principles of Black Consciousness; the actions of these groups, especially those aimed at increasing the support given to Black Consciousness; BCM.

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19721991